A Theory of Phrase Markers and the Extended Base by Robert A. Chametzky

By Robert A. Chametzky

This piece of conception development in the govt & Binding (GB) method of syntax makes a speciality of the bottom part and at the nature of word markers. recognized structural evidence approximately C-command, coordinate buildings, adjuncts, and Islands are easily assumed, and a theoretical reason for those structural proof is built. The emphasis is on separating theoretical primitives and deducing implications of those primitives during the articulation of an appropriate theoretical structure. nearly completely, issues of coherence, simplicity, and association are used to provide an explanation for structural evidence. constitution is the direct aim of thought development, instead of being derived from different concerns.

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This will be of some significance to the argument against precedence in Section 2. This concludes the exposition of the standard formalization. < previous page page_5 If you like this book, buy it! 0 In this section, we turn to some alternatives to the standard approach to PMs that have been suggested in the literature. The compass here is fairly narrow, as I only consider alternatives that share basic assumptions about PMs; thus, I do not discuss, for example, Lasnik & Kupin (1977). 7 The alternatives focus on the the issue of discontinuous constituents and their import for syntactic theory and the formalization of PMs.

It does not hold because NP dominates both the terminal N and every terminal node (that is, node labelled by a lexical category) dominated by the node bearing the nonce label RC (for relative clause). The N bearing node is to the left of the node labelled V, while this latter is to the left of every terminal dominated by the node labelled RC; and the VP labelled node dominates the V bearing node. Thus, it is neither the case that all terminals dominated by NP precede all terminals dominated by VP nor is it the case that all terminals dominated by VP precede all terminals dominated by NP But if neither of these is the case, then the nodes labelled NP and VP do not satisfy axiom (7g), hence they stand in no precedence relation to one another.

C. For every x1 N, there is at most one x2 N such that x2 directly dominates x1 (that is, the tree has no loops). d. "is to the left of" is transitive and antisymmetric (that is, "is to the left of" is a partial order). e. If x1 and x2 are two distinct terminal nodes (a node x is terminal if there is no y N such that x directly dominates y), then either x1 is to the left of x2 or x2 is to the left of x1 (that is, the terminal nodes are totally ordered). f. For any x1, x2 N, if x1 dominates x2, then neither x1 is to the left of x2 nor x2 is to the left of x1 (that is, a node has no order relationship to nodes that it dominates).

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