By M. Z. Kebbe
First released in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa corporation.
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Additional info for A Transformational Grammar of Modern Literary Arabic
Inflections Arabic is a heavily inflected language; both nouns and adjectives are marked for case, gender and number. g. acla:min as nominative, accusative and genitive forms respectively. It is important to note that such nouns with broken plurals take the same suffixes in dual as sound plurals, so we have calama:n, calamain, calamain as nominative, accusative and genitive respectively. As indicated by table 1 above, sound plurals are formed by adding suffixes to the root which remains unchanged.
Although CG adopts the transformational model, it departs from Chomsky’s view concerning the function of the base component. Fillmore’s case grammar aims at defining the functional relations of the constituents of a sentence by a set of primitives that dominate Nps. These primitives or cases specify functions such as Dative, Instrumental, Locative, Agentive, etc. My grammar, however, departs from Chomsky’s model in having the node-label VERB instead of VP (verb phrase)(13). e. VSO) directly in the base rather than by transformations, and I will return to this point in due course.
E. node-labels) such as VERB, NP (Noun Phrase), PP (Prepositional Phrase), etc. e. e. before any transformational rules have applied. Therefore, the job of the semantic component is to convert deep structures into semantic representations which will produce the relevant semantic information for each of the sentences of the language(11). e. deep structure) functions as input to transformational rules which convert the sentence to its surface structure. Following Wise’s example, I have permitted category labels similar to those used in case grammar in the base.