Adaptive Optics in Astronomy by François Roddier

By François Roddier

Adaptive optics is a robust new strategy used to sharpen telescope photographs blurred through the Earth's surroundings. This authoritative e-book is the 1st devoted to using adaptive optics in astronomy. commonly built for defence functions, the means of adaptive optics has only in the near past been brought in astronomy. Already it has allowed ground-based telescopes to provide photos with sharpness rivalling these from the Hubble area Telescope. The method is anticipated to revolutionise the way forward for ground-based optical astronomy. Written through a world group of specialists who've pioneered the advance of the sector, this well timed quantity presents either a rigorous creation to the strategy and a finished evaluate of present and destiny structures. it really is set to develop into the traditional reference for graduate scholars, researchers and optical engineers in astronomy and different parts of technology the place adaptive optics is discovering fascinating new purposes.

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Soc. Am. 66, 207±11. Noll, R. J. (1978) Phase estimates from slope-type wave-front sensors. J. Opt. Soc. Am. 68, 139±40. Roddier, F. (1981) The effects of atmospheric turbulence in optical astronomy. Progress in Optics 19, 281±376. Roddier, F. (1994) The problematic of adaptive optics design. In: Adaptive Optics for Astronomy, eds D. M. -M. Mariotti, (NATO-ASI Series), 423, pp. 89±111. , Dordrecht. Roddier, F. (1998) Maximum gain and ef®ciency of adaptive optics systems. Pub. Astr. Soc. Pac. 110, 837±40.

The coef®cients a j are random and we are interested in their statistical properties. 1. 2 Modal wave-front representation 29 which can be rewritten as a double integral …… ha j a k i ˆ W (r) Z j (r)W (r9) Z k (r9)hj(r)j(r9)i dr dr9 (3X8) or, with r9 ˆ r ‡ r, … … ha j a k i ˆ hj(r)j(r ‡ r)i W (r) Z j (r)W (r ‡ r) Z k (r ‡ r) dr dr rX (3X9) This integral is best calculated by using Parseval's theorem. Assuming stationarity, the covariance hj(r)j(r ‡ r)i is a function of r only. Its Fourier transform is the power spectrum Ö(kk) of the random wave-front phase j(r).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 7, 1224±5. Fried, D. L. (1994) Atmospheric turbulence optical effects: understanding the adaptive-optics implications. In: Adaptive Optics for Astronomy, eds D. M. -M. Mariotti, NATO-ASI Series, 423, pp. 25±57. , Dordrecht. Greenwood, D. P. (1977) Bandwidth speci®cation for adaptive optics systems. J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 390±3. Hudgin, R. J. (1977) Wave-front compensation error due to ®nite corrector-element size. J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 393±5. Noll, R. J. (1976) Zernike polynomials and atmospheric turbulence.

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