By David McDowall
This is often an illustrated historical past of england from prehistoric instances to the current day. The booklet analyzes the main political and army occasions in British historical past, and the place acceptable, appears at those inside of a much wider, foreign context. It additionally describes daily life for women and men from varied degrees of society in numerous a long time: the type of paintings they did, family members existence, and so forth. Emphasis can also be put on cultural, highbrow, medical and financial advancements. significant advancements inside of Scotland, eire and Wales and the family members among those nations and England also are mentioned.
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Additional resources for An Illustrated History of Britain (Background Books)
T his inflat ion weakened feudal t ies, wh ich depended to a great extent o n a steady econ om ic situation ro be workab le. T he sma ller land ed knights found it inc reasing ly difficult to pay for the ir military duties. By the end of th e thirteenth century a kn igh t's equipment, which had cost fiftee n sh illings in the ea rly twelfth century, now cost more than three times th is amo unt. A ltho ugh nobles and kn ights co uld get more money from their land by paying farm labourers and receiving money ren ts than by giving land rent free in return for labour , many kn ights with smaller estates became increasingly indebted .
But the Normans were blamed for the bad aspects of th e manorial system because they were foreign masters. In the early days of the Conquest Saxons and Normans feared and hated each ot he r. For example, if a dead body was found , th e Saxons had to prove that it was not the bod y of a murdered N orman. If they could not prove it, th e Nor mans would burn the nearest village. The Norman ruling class on ly really began to mix with and marry th e Saxons, and consider th em selves "English" rathe r than Fren ch , afte r King John lost No rmandy in 1204.
But towns were valuable centres to nobles who wanted to sell 40 th eir produ ce and to kin gs who wished to benefit from th e inc rease in nat iona l wealth . As a result, th e townspeople quickly managed to free th emselves from feuda l t ies and interference. At th e end of the Anglo-Saxon period th ere were on ly a few town s, but by 1250 most of England's towns were already establi shed . Many town s stood on land belonging to feudal lords. But by the twelfth century kings were discouraging loca l lo rds from taking the wealth from nea rby towns.