Aristotle on Homonymy: Dialectic and Science by Julie K. Ward

By Julie K. Ward

During this publication, Julie ok. Ward examines Aristotle's notion concerning how language informs our perspectives of what's actual. First she locations Aristotle's idea in its old and philosophical contexts on the subject of Plato and Speusippus. Ward then explores Aristotle's idea of language because it is deployed in different works, together with Ethics, issues, Physics, and Metaphysics, that allows you to reflect on its relation to dialectical perform and clinical rationalization as Aristotle conceived it.

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1, where Aristotle’s interest is to characterize homonymy and synonymy as ultimately belonging to things, not to words. It may be objected, in turn, that other texts, such as Top. Alpha 15, seem to indicate a linguistic application of homonymy to which the response is that Aristotle has both interests. 32 But this application of homonymy does not preclude that it is also primarily about signifying extralinguistic items. The other, more basic, issue that distinguishes Aristotle’s account from that of Speusippus concerns the difference in the method of classification.

The first concerns the principle that the Forms are the causal source of the characters that we find instantiated in particular things. So, for example, we find: “[I]f anything is beautiful beside the Beautiful itself, it is beautiful for no other reason than it shares in the beautiful, and this applies to everything” (Phd. 100c4–7). 48 Taking these two ideas in conjunction amounts to saying that the Form, the F-itself, brings about the character F in the particulars, but it remains that the Form and the particulars do not possess F in the same way, and so, they are not called “F” univocally.

Meta. 1028a34–36). For example, in the case of the medical, since the medical art is that which Aristotle takes to have the primary application, it follows that in order to define the medical instrument or operation or person, one has to mention the account of the medical art in the accounts of the secondary items (Meta. 1061a4–5). For the art of medicine is that which determines the other items as being medical: a person, or mind, is said to be medical in the sense that he or she comprehends the subject matter of medicine; an instrument is 66 These items are not the same in their type of priority: substance is not prior to the items in the other categories in the same way in which virtue friendship is prior to the secondary kinds of friendship, on which see Owen (1960), Walker (1979), Ferejohn (1980), and Ward (1995).

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