By Stephen R. Anderson
The 1st publication to hide the grammar of clitics from all issues of view, together with their phonology, morphology, and syntax, and the 1st accomplished survey of clitic phenomena for 20 years. Written with unheard of readability and in accordance with a path given to graduate scholars.
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Additional resources for Aspects of the Theory of Clitics (Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics)
If the nature of syllables motivated a hierarchical organization of the string of segments, why stop there? 3). 3) is somewhat anachronistic in providing labels such as “PWord” and “Foot” for the constituents above the level of the syllable. Liberman and Prince simply grouped constituents together into higher-order units (recursively), but the provision of a principled inventory of structural types for these units would follow shortly. The Prosodic Hierarchy Telescoping the history somewhat, work of Selkirk (1981, 1984) and Nespor and Vogel (1986) proposed a range of additional constituent types intermediate between segments (or features) and whole utterances.
The PWord in the Polish example) rather than being autonomous units themselves. On this account, much of the phonology of cliticization comes down to the principles of prosodic organization and their consequences. The Clitic Group One of the more controversial aspects of the prosodic hierarchy as described by Nespor and Vogel 1986 (apart from the exhaustivity claim just discussed, to which I will return below) was a particular speciﬁc level of prosodic structure which they assumed. Following a suggestion from Bruce Hayes, they posit a special kind of constituent composed of a sequence of clitics together with their host.
Zwicky and Pullum 1983), Zwicky also abandons the independent class of “bound words,” though with little discussion. In any event, the simpler ontology adopted here has the merit of being grounded in the theory of grammar, rather than being just a set of descriptive categories. This, of course, is just what Zwicky (1985 and elsewhere) counsels: presystematic tests and descriptive labels eventually have to be cashed out in terms of theoretical constructs. 8 The classiﬁcation of this element as a clitic is a chronic problem: see Cardinaletti (1991) and Nespor (1994) among other sources for discussion.