Being and Not-Being: An Introduction to Plato’s Sophist by P. Seligman

By P. Seligman

The current monograph on Plato's Sophist built from sequence of lectures given over a few years to honours and graduate phi­ losophy sessions within the college of Waterloo. it really is was hoping that it'll turn out an invaluable advisor to someone attempting to come to grips with, and achieve a viewpoint of Plato's mature concept. while my research is addressed to the expert, and i've thought of on the acceptable areas a great deal of the scholarly literature that has seemed over the past thirty years. during this connection I remorse that a number of the pub­ lications which got here to my detect after my paintings was once considerably accomplished (such as KamIah's and Sayre's) haven't been mentioned in my dialogue. As few philosophy scholars these days are acquainted with Greek i've got (except in a couple of footnotes) translated in addition to transliterated all Greek phrases. Citations from Plato's textual content keep on with Cornford's admirable trans­ lation as heavily as attainable, although the reader will locate a few major deviations. the main awesome of those matters the major be aware on which i've got rendered all through as "being," therefore keeping off Cornford's "existence" and "reality" which are likely to prejudge the problems which the discussion raises.

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10 above). The section can conveniently be divided into two parts. A. Parmenides had deduced from his canon a number of logical properties of being, two of which are singled out by Plato: (i) Being is one, hen (fr. VIII, 6), and (ii) being is whole, oulon (fr. VIII, 4, 38); to (i) also belongs the property of uniqueness or singleness, mounogenes (fr. VIII, 4), to which Plato alludes in the course of his argument.! Plato does not seem to be fair to Parmenides on a number of issues. To begin with, he ought to have said that while the hand c philosophers ascribed being to some [natural] properties, Parmenides ascribed certain [logical] properties to being.

And it must move if it possesses soul (the self-moving mover) and intellect. " Being can be predicated of motion but not motion of being (p. ). On the face of it this conclusion seems to be at variance with the Stranger's remarks from 248 E6 to 249 Aro. But it may be noted that these remarks are put as questions, and although Theaetetus answers them in the affirmative, no affirmative conclusion is drawn by the Stranger. ) and B (249 CIo-D4). De Vogel, on the other hand, pointing to parallels between our passage and the Timaeus, argues that to pantelos on can be understood by reference to to panteles zoon of the latter work, the archetypal living creature which serves as the demiurge's model for the visible cosmos.

249D-25IA Plato has now completed his survey of accounts of being by previous (and contemporary) philosophers, but as anticipated, it has not yielded a definition (logos) of being. It is at this point that the Stranger confesses that he is still in the dark about being (249 E2-3). The discussion which now follows hinges on the distinction between the intension and the extension of being (cp. 37 above). In referring to the former Plato speaks of being "according to its own nature" (kata ten hautou phusin - 250 C6), and regarding the latter he speaks of the all (to pan) or the sum total of things (to on kai pan).

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