Beja Pedagogical Grammar by Klaus Wedekind, Charlotte Wedekind, Abuzeinab Musa

By Klaus Wedekind, Charlotte Wedekind, Abuzeinab Musa

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Where are the rulers? ' or 'Where' usually requires demonstratives or deictics. These are special pronouns which point to the particular item in question. <172> In Beja, only those items can be pointed to which are considered definite. g. g. uun-Ali 'this Ali'), or to nouns which have a definite article (uun-uu-tak 'this-the-man'). <173> Beja has two different sets of demonstratives: One for items nearby, which includes uun 'this', aan 'these', and another set for items far away, which includes been 'that', baliin 'those'.

Uun baruuh) Uunbaruuh Aliibu. This is Ali. (Tuun batuuh) Uunbatuuh aabtu? Who is this (F)? ‫ٓبت‬ ُ ‫ُٔونبتٌوه ا‬ َ ‫)تٌون َبتٌوه( ا‬ (Tuun batuuh) Uunbatuuh Zaynabtu. This is Zaynab. ‫بت‬ ُ ‫ُٔونبتٌوه َزي َن‬ َ ‫)تٌون َبتٌوه( ا‬ (Aan baraah) Aanbaraah aaba? Who are these (M)? ‫)آن َبراه( ا َٓنبراه آبه‬ (Aan baraah) Aanbaraah Aliiwwa Hasanwaaya. These are Ali and Hassan. ‫َه َسنوايه‬ (Taan bataah) Aanbataah aabta? Who are these (F)? ‫)تان َبتاه( ا َٓنبتاه آبته‬ (Taan bataah) Aanbataah Zaynabwa Haliimaabwaata.

They are houses (PL M). قَوابه‬ Naa naatu? / Galamu. What (thing) is it? / It is a pen (M). ‫نات? َق َل ُم‬ ُ ‫نا‬ Naa naata? / Galamaaba. What (things) are they? / They are pens (PL M). Naa naatu? / Kwursiibu. What (thing) is it? / It is a chair (M). Naa naata? / Kwursiiyaaba. What (things) are they? / They are chairs (PL M). ‫نات? ‫نا ناته? ك ُورس‬ ٍ ‫نا ناته? ‫رسييابه‬ <144> Like other final vowels, the plural -a, will also be long when a suffix follows - as in gaw-a / gaw-aa-ba, 'houses / they are houses', kwursii-ya / kwursii-yaa-ba 'chairs / they are chairs'.

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