By Ronelle Alexander
Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian: A Grammar with Sociolinguistic Commentary
These are the 1st entire studying fabrics after the breakup of the previous Yugoslavia and the emergence of 3 part languages, Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian. The textbook and the grammar can be utilized individually or jointly, whereas the audio fabrics are designed to complement the textbook. all the 3 goods is offered separately.
Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian, a Grammar analyzes and clarifies the complicated, dynamic language state of affairs within the former Yugoslavia. Addressing squarely the problems hooked up with the splintering of Serbo-Croatian into part languages, this quantity presents academics and beginners with useful ideas and highlights the variations one of the languages in addition to the communicative middle that all of them percentage. the 1st ebook to hide all 3 parts of the post-Yugoslav linguistic surroundings, this reference guide features:
Thorough presentation of the grammar universal to Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian, with explication of the entire significant ameliorations
Examples from a huge variety of spoken language and literature
New methods to accessory and clitic ordering, of the main tough issues in BCS grammar
Order of grammar presentation in chapters 1–16 keyed to corresponding classes in Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian, a Textbook
Sociolinguistic observation explicating the cultural and political context during which Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian functionality and feature been defined
Separate indexes of the grammar and sociolinguistic statement, and of all phrases mentioned in both.
For additional information, solution keys and comparable fabrics, see www.bcsgrammarandtextbook.org
"Well written and admirably geared up, this paintings is a milestone within the research of Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian. it's the first unified description of BCS because the break-up of former Yugoslavia and comprises Professor Alexander's very important sociolinguistic commentary."—Victor A. Friedman, college of Chicago
Ronelle Alexander is professor of Slavic languages and literatures on the collage of California, Berkeley. She is the writer of the two-volume in depth Bulgarian: A Textbook and Reference Grammar.
For additional info relating to exposure and studies touch our exposure supervisor, mobilephone: (608) 263-0734, e mail: [email protected]
Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian, a Textbook
With routines and easy Grammar
Ronelle Alexander and Ellen Elias-Bursac
Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian Audio Supplement
To Accompany Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian, a Textbook
Ronelle Alexander and Ellen Elias-Bursac
Of comparable interest
A path for starting and Intermediate Students
Christina E. Kramer
Macedonian Multimedia CD-ROM
To Accompany Macedonian: A path for starting and Intermediate Students
Christina E. Kramer, Grace Fielder, Phillip Hammonds, and Liljana Mitkovska
Read or Download Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian, a Grammar With Sociolinguistic Commentary PDF
Similar language learning books
There's a global of distinction among analyzing eastern that has been particularly concocted for college students and studying actual Japanese-that is, eastern written for local audio system. The concocted kind may be known as schoolmarm eastern: commonplace to the purpose of insipidity, managed to the purpose of domestication, constrained to the purpose of impoverishment.
A brand new variation of the bestselling Classical Greek textbook, that mixes a historically rigorous creation of historical Greek with an encouraging, friendly, and obtainable presentation for today’s sleek scholars. From Alpha to Omega conjures up scholars of historical Greek through structuring classes round conceivable choices of tangible historical Greek writings, starting with Aesop’s such a lot a laugh and curious fables.
This user–friendly ebook is aimed toward supporting scholars of Mandarin chinese language examine and bear in mind chinese language characters.
At last—there is a very powerful and relaxing technique to examine chinese language characters! This publication is helping scholars to profit and consider either the meanings and the pronunciations of over 800 characters. This in a different way daunting activity is made more straightforward by means of innovations according to the psychology of leaning and reminiscence. key rules comprise using visible imagery, the visualization of brief "stories," and the systematic build up of extra advanced characters from easy development blocks.
Although studying chinese language Characters is essentially a publication for critical inexperienced persons of Mandarin chinese language, it may be utilized by a person with an curiosity in chinese language characters, with none previous wisdom of chinese language. it may be used along (or after, or maybe ahead of) a direction within the chinese. All characters are simplified (as in mainland China) yet conventional characters also are given, while available.
• in particular designed photographs and tales are utilized in a based solution to make the educational procedure extra relaxing and potent, decreasing the necessity for rote studying to absolutely the minimum.
• The emphasis all through is on studying and remembering the meanings and pronunciations of the characters. suggestions also are incorporated on studying options and the way to prevent universal problems.
• Characters are brought in a logical series, which additionally supplies precedence to studying the most typical characters first.
• smooth simplified characters are used, with pronunciations given in pinyin. Key details is given for every personality, together with radical, stroke–count, conventional shape, compounds, and information on writing the character.
This is a realistic consultant with a transparent, concise and beautiful format, and it's well–indexed with effortless look–up tools. The 800 chinese language characters and 1,033 compounds certain for the unique HSK point A skillability try are lined.
All different written fabrics for the JACT interpreting Greek (2nd variation) are already on bibliotik. you will discover those by way of looking for extra books via this author.
retail caliber scan
Helps academics in school, at college and in grownup schooling to take advantage of the interpreting Greek path to their top virtue. The Teachers' Notes to studying Greek describes the perform of skilled clients of the direction and gives feedback for ways to undertake.
Additional info for Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian, a Grammar With Sociolinguistic Commentary
Whenever there is a pause in speech, the reckoning of XYZ starts anew. The examples below illustrate the kind of clear pause that is introduced in writing by a comma. Other times, the sentence may be long enough so as to occasion a pause which is all but imperceptible in speech but which nevertheless requires the XYZ reckoning to “start over”; for examples see [85a, 164b]. Да, Ах, X Y то Ви су сте Z А̀на и То̀мислав. Америка̀нац! 15 Yes, that’s Ana and Tomislav. Oh, you’re an American! CHAPTER 2 13 Verb conjugation: the present tense There are numerous different verb types in BCS, but only three basic present tense conjugations.
Finally, personal pronouns are usually used as subjects of the verb in BCS only for emphasis, or when the subject is changed. Otherwise it is the norm to omit them, since the verb carries the necessary markings for person and number. 7 CHAPTER 1 7 Present tense of verbs All verbs have six different forms in the present tense: three in the singular and three in the plural. If the verb’s intended subject is the speaker(s), a first person form is used, and if the verb’s intended subject is the one(s) spoken to, a second person form is used.
These introductory words come at the beginning of the sentence. They are unchanging in form, regardless of whether that which is presented is singular or plural. The verb, however, does change to agree with the number of that which is being presented. Both ovo and to can sometimes be translated by English this. The difference between them is that ovo is used to present something that is physically close to the speaker, or is about to be discussed for the first time. Once the topic has been identified, then to will be used.