Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian, a Grammar With Sociolinguistic by Ronelle Alexander

By Ronelle Alexander

Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian: A Grammar with Sociolinguistic Commentary

These are the 1st entire studying fabrics after the breakup of the previous Yugoslavia and the emergence of 3 part languages, Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian. The textbook and the grammar can be utilized individually or jointly, whereas the audio fabrics are designed to complement the textbook. all the 3 goods is offered separately.

Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian, a Grammar analyzes and clarifies the complicated, dynamic language state of affairs within the former Yugoslavia. Addressing squarely the problems hooked up with the splintering of Serbo-Croatian into part languages, this quantity presents academics and beginners with useful ideas and highlights the variations one of the languages in addition to the communicative middle that all of them percentage. the 1st ebook to hide all 3 parts of the post-Yugoslav linguistic surroundings, this reference guide features:

Thorough presentation of the grammar universal to Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian, with explication of the entire significant ameliorations
Examples from a huge variety of spoken language and literature
New methods to accessory and clitic ordering, of the main tough issues in BCS grammar
Order of grammar presentation in chapters 1–16 keyed to corresponding classes in Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian, a Textbook
Sociolinguistic observation explicating the cultural and political context during which Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian functionality and feature been defined
Separate indexes of the grammar and sociolinguistic statement, and of all phrases mentioned in both.

For additional information, solution keys and comparable fabrics, see www.bcsgrammarandtextbook.org
"Well written and admirably geared up, this paintings is a milestone within the research of Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian. it's the first unified description of BCS because the break-up of former Yugoslavia and comprises Professor Alexander's very important sociolinguistic commentary."—Victor A. Friedman, college of Chicago

Ronelle Alexander is professor of Slavic languages and literatures on the collage of California, Berkeley. She is the writer of the two-volume in depth Bulgarian: A Textbook and Reference Grammar.

For additional info relating to exposure and studies touch our exposure supervisor, mobilephone: (608) 263-0734, e mail: [email protected]

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Additional info for Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian, a Grammar With Sociolinguistic Commentary

Sample text

Whenever there is a pause in speech, the reckoning of XYZ starts anew. The examples below illustrate the kind of clear pause that is introduced in writing by a comma. Other times, the sentence may be long enough so as to occasion a pause which is all but imperceptible in speech but which nevertheless requires the XYZ reckoning to “start over”; for examples see [85a, 164b]. Да, Ах, X Y то Ви су сте Z А̀на и То̀мислав. Америка̀нац! 15 Yes, that’s Ana and Tomislav. Oh, you’re an American! CHAPTER 2 13 Verb conjugation: the present tense There are numerous different verb types in BCS, but only three basic present tense conjugations.

Finally, personal pronouns are usually used as subjects of the verb in BCS only for emphasis, or when the subject is changed. Otherwise it is the norm to omit them, since the verb carries the necessary markings for person and number. 7 CHAPTER 1 7 Present tense of verbs All verbs have six different forms in the present tense: three in the singular and three in the plural. If the verb’s intended subject is the speaker(s), a first person form is used, and if the verb’s intended subject is the one(s) spoken to, a second person form is used.

These introductory words come at the beginning of the sentence. They are unchanging in form, regardless of whether that which is presented is singular or plural. The verb, however, does change to agree with the number of that which is being presented. Both ovo and to can sometimes be translated by English this. The difference between them is that ovo is used to present something that is physically close to the speaker, or is about to be discussed for the first time. Once the topic has been identified, then to will be used.

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