Bridging the gap between Aristotle's science and ethics by Devin Henry, Karen Margrethe Nielsen

By Devin Henry, Karen Margrethe Nielsen

This e-book consolidates rising learn on Aristotle's technology and ethics so that it will discover the level to which the options, tools, and practices he constructed for clinical inquiry and clarification are used to enquire ethical phenomena. every one bankruptcy exhibits, differently, that Aristotle's ethics is far extra like a technological know-how than it really is ordinarily represented. The upshot of this can be twofold. First, uncovering the hyperlinks among Aristotle's technological know-how and ethics grants to open up new and leading edge instructions for examine into his ethical philosophy. moment, displaying why Aristotle thinks ethics can by no means be absolutely assimilated to the version of technology can help shed new mild on his perspectives in regards to the limits of technological know-how. the quantity therefore offers to make an important contribution to our realizing of the epistemological, metaphysical, and mental foundations of Aristotle's ethics

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Even if we think that Aristotle’s methodological remarks about dialectics apply only to ethics (as I deny) it is an open question whether his method is constant across the EE and EN. For the distinction between what is ‘better known to us’ and what is ‘better known by nature’ or ‘unqualifiedly’, see APo. 71b33–72a5; Physics 184a16–23; Metaph. 1029b3–12; EN 1095b2–4. What is better known or familiar to us (ta gnôrima hêmin) are the appearances or beliefs that form the starting point (archê) of enquiry.

First, he thinks the method of the Analytics allows for dialectical reasoning in attempting to arrive at scientific definitions. 1. In the final chapter in Part II, ‘Holding for the most part: the demonstrability of moral facts’, Devin Henry turns our attention from enquiry to explanation: Does Aristotle think there could be a science of ethics whose goals include, among other things, generating scientific explanations of matters of conduct? According to the Posterior Analytics explanations in science take the form of demonstrations so that we can be said to know a thing in the scientific sense only when we grasp its corresponding demonstration.

Natural phenomena hold only for the most part, and yet Aristotle thinks that they are capable of demonstration. Therefore (extrapolating to ethics) the fact that moral phenomena hold only for the most part should not disqualify them as candidates for demonstration. This is supposed to put a science of ethics back on the table. However, as Henry points out, this argument from analogy depends on the assumption that all things hold for the most part in the same way. Yet a survey of the works on natural science shows that the extension of Aristotle’s concept of hôs epi to polu includes at least three different kinds of phenomena.

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