British Propaganda and News Media in the Cold War by John Jenks

By John Jenks

It is a learn of the British state's new release, suppression and manipulation of reports to additional overseas coverage ambitions throughout the early chilly conflict. Bribing editors, blackballing "unreliable" newshounds, developing speedy media specialists via provision of rigorously edited "inside information", and exploiting the worldwide media approach to plant propaganda -- disguised as information -- all over the world: those have been all equipment utilized by the British to attempt to persuade the overseas public of Soviet deceit and criminal activity and hence achieve aid for anti-Soviet guidelines at domestic and abroad.Britain's shaky foreign place heightened the significance of propaganda. The Soviets and american citizens have been making an investment seriously in propaganda to win the "hearts and minds" of the realm and replacement for more and more unthinkable nuclear struggle. The British exploited and better their media energy and propaganda services to take care of with the superpowers and look after their very own worldwide impression at a time whilst British monetary, political and army strength was once sharply declining. This task without delay encouraged household media family, as officers used British media to launder foreign-bound propaganda and to create the specified photos of British "public opinion" for international audiences.By the early Nineteen Fifties censorship waned yet covert propaganda had turn into addictive. The unending pressure of the chilly struggle normalized what had formerly been irregular country involvement within the media, and led it to exploit related instruments opposed to Egyptian nationalists, Irish republicans and British leftists. even more lately, legit manipulation of reports approximately Iraq shows behind-the-scenes exam of nation propaganda's past days is very relevant.John Jenks attracts seriously on lately declassified archival fabric for this ebook, particularly documents of the overseas Office's anti-Communist details examine division (IRD) propaganda supplier, and the papers of key media companies, reporters, politicians and officers. Readers will for this reason achieve a better realizing of the intensity of the state's energy with the media at a time whilst matters approximately propaganda and media manipulation are once more on the fore. (1/1/08)

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46. McDonald, A Man of the Times, pp. 114–15; PRO FO800/498 PRS/46/25, Henderson to Ridsdale, 11 March 1946. 47. PRO FO371/56866 N3061/3041/38, Brimelow minute, 9 March 1946. 48. The Times Archives, Ralph Parker personnel file, Roberts to Ridsdale, 22 March 1946. 49. McDonald, History of the Times, pp. 145, 161–2. 50. The Times Archives, Unlabeled box, Parker File, McDonald to Sir Frank Lee, 25 June 1964. 51. , vol. 6 (no. 88) ‘Memorandum by Mr.

Also, the FO’s Hankey noted that many of the British correspondents sent to P1: PJO EUBK017-02 EUBK017-Jenks March 6, 2006 16:36 Char Count= 0 ussr: media, propaganda, consensus 35 Eastern Europe were ‘second rate’ or even Communists or fellow travellers. The News Department’s N. E. Nash explained the dilemma to the Russia Committee and traced the public’s allegedly indulgent attitude toward the Soviets to the lack of news from Soviet-dominated areas. That stemmed not from Communist interference, but from newspapers’ reliance on ‘bald news agency reports’ and unreliable foreign stringers, as well as the effects of a deep newsprint shortage and the newspapers misguided servility toward the British state.

In February 1946 a writer in the Newspaper World saw the British press at a crossroads. Pre-war coverage of both the USA and USSR had emphasised lurid human-interest stories – in the USSR propaganda-laced stories of purges, bloodshed, famine and despotism. ’ The needs of the wartime alliance led to different, more positive news about both countries. ‘But what happens now? Are the old-style “human interest” standards and the propaganda-before-news prejudices putting us back where we were? ’38 P1: PJO EUBK017-02 EUBK017-Jenks March 6, 2006 16:36 Char Count= 0 ussr: media, propaganda, consensus 33 Within the Foreign Office a consensus was emerging that Britain not only had to get tougher with the Soviet Union, but also that the British news media needed to frame their news and views in a much more critical light to ‘enlighten’ the public as to the true nature of the USSR.

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