Can Cars Come Clean? Strategies for Low-Emission Vehicles by Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development

By Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development

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Fuel cell vehicles Configuration A fuel cell is a device that is able to transform the chemical energy of a fuel into electric energy. A fuel cell concept normally consists of two major modules: a fuel cell stack and a fuel-reforming and conditioning system. The stack comprises a sequence of fuel cells. The type of reforming and conditioning system needed is dependent on the fuel used; no reforming and conditioning system is required whenever the fuel used is hydrogen. The fuel cell process is characterised by high efficiency conversion and is virtually free of tailpipe pollutant emissions.

5. The relation between CO2 emission and vehicle mass (petrol) CO2 emission and vehicle mass 300 1200 275 1100 250 1000 225 900 200 kg g/km UDC cold gasoline 800 Euro 0 w/o Euro 0 unreg. Euro 0 reg. cat. cat. cat CO2 average Euro 1 Euro 2 Vehicle mass average CO2 emission and vehicle mass UDC hot gasoline 300 1100 275 1000 kg g/km 250 225 200 900 175 150 800 Euro 0 w/o Euro 0 Euro 0 reg. cat. unreg. cat. cat CO2 average Euro 1 Euro 2 Euro 3 Vehicle mass average CO2 emission and vehicle mass 200 1200 175 1100 150 1000 125 900 100 800 Euro 0 w/o Euro 0 Euro 0 reg.

An Aggregate Public Health Indicator to Represent the Impact of Multiple Environmental Exposures”, Epidemiology, 10(5), pp. 606-617. ” La Documentation Française, ISBN 2-11-005066-7, Paris. J. (2000), “Driving Style, Fuel Consumption and Tail Pipe Emissions, TNO Automotive, March, Delft. CAN CARS COME CLEAN? - STRATEGIES FOR LOW-EMISSION VEHICLES – ISBN-92-64-10495-X ©OECD 2004 GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS – Chapter 3 GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS Abstract. This chapter describes the relationship between energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions and the trends in fuel consumption and carbon dioxide emissions of individual vehicles.

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