By Felix K. Ameka, Alan Dench, Nicholas Evans
Descriptive grammars are our major car for documenting and analysing the linguistic constitution of the world's 6,000 languages. they convey jointly, in a single position, a coherent therapy of ways the total language works, and as a result shape the first resource of knowledge on a given language, consulted by means of quite a lot of clients: areal experts, typologists, theoreticians of any a part of language (syntax, morphology, phonology, historic linguistics etc.), and participants of the speech groups involved. The writing of a descriptive grammar is an enormous highbrow problem, that calls at the grammarian to stability a recognize for the language's designated genius with an expertise of ways different languages paintings, to mix rigour with clarity, to depict structural regularities whereas respecting a corpus of genuine fabric, and to symbolize anything of the local speaker's competence whereas recognising the difference inherent in any speech neighborhood. regardless of a up to date surge of expertise of the necessity to record little-known languages, there is not any publication that focusses at the manifold matters that face the writer of a descriptive grammar. This quantity brings jointly participants who procedure the matter from a number of angles. so much have written descriptive grammars themselves, yet others symbolize varieties of reader. one of the subject matters they deal with are: total problems with grammar layout, the complementary roles of outsider and local speaker grammarians, the stability among grammar and lexicon, cross-linguistic comparison, the function of rationalization in grammatical description, the interaction of thought and various fieldwork equipment in language description, the demanding situations of describing languages of their cultural and historic context, and the tensions among linguistic particularity, demonstrated perform of specific faculties of linguistic description and the necessity for a universally commensurable analytic framework. This ebook will renew the sphere of grammaticography, addressing a a number of readership of descriptive linguists, typologists, and formal linguists, through bringing jointly more than a few special practitioners from all over the world to handle those questions.
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Extra info for Catching Language: The Standing Challenge of Grammar Writing
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Our traditional published text collection consisted of a few hundred pages of narrative text with interlinear glosses, free translation and explanatory notes, but the modern published corpus may potentially consist of digital audio recordings of data collection sessions, some with accompanying video, and linked to a range of transcriptions representing different kinds and levels of analysis. Where the published text collection once served as the grounding evidence for a linguistic analysis, the digital archive will come increasingly to fill that role.
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