By Carol Lord
This paintings examines either ancient and comparative proof in documenting the sweep of diachronic switch within the context of serial verb structures. utilizing quite a lot of facts from languages of West Africa, Asia and the Caribbean, it demonstrates how shifts in that means and utilization lead to syntactic, morphological and lexical switch. the method during which verbs lose lexical semantic content material and enhance case-marking features is defined; it truly is argued that the swap is directional, from verb to preposition (or postposition) to hitch, alongside a grammaticalization continuum. This related grammaticalization procedure is proven to bring about the improvement of complementizers, adverbial subordinators, conjunctions, adverbs and auxiliaries from verbs. robust parallels throughout languages are present in the meanings of the verbs that develop into “defective” and within the features they arrive to mark. The alterations are documented intimately, with examples from a few languages illustrating the influence of the alterations on typology and observe order, implications for the encoding of definiteness and point, and the relevance of notions akin to discourse subject, foreground and transitivity. With admire to theoretical assumptions and terminology, the writer has taken a comparatively nonpartisan technique, and the dialogue is available to scholars of language in addition to of curiosity to theoreticians.