Chemical Thermodynamics by L. Lue [n.b. text has advertisements]

By L. Lue [n.b. text has advertisements]

Show description

Read or Download Chemical Thermodynamics PDF

Similar thermodynamics books

Process Heat Transfer: Principles, Applications and Rules of Thumb

Approach warmth move principles of Thumb investigates the layout and implementation of business warmth exchangers. It presents the history had to comprehend and grasp the economic software program programs utilized by specialist engineers for layout and research of warmth exchangers. This publication makes a speciality of the kinds of warmth exchangers most generally utilized by undefined, specifically shell-and-tube exchangers (including condensers, reboilers and vaporizers), air-cooled warmth exchangers and double-pipe (hairpin) exchangers.

Statistical Foundations of Irreversible Thermodynamics

A few elements of the physics of many-body structures arbitrarily clear of equilibrium, often the characterization and irreversible evolution in their macroscopic nation, are thought of. the current prestige of phenomenological irreversible thermodynamics is defined. An technique for development a statistical thermodynamics - dubbed Informational-Statistical-Thermodynamics - according to a non-equilibrium statistical ensemble formalism is gifted.

Extra info for Chemical Thermodynamics

Example text

X ¯ ∂tNα T,p,tNα =α ∂tNα ∂t Nα ¯ α Nα X = α X(T, p, N1 , N2 , . . 6) α The value of any extensive property of a system is equal to the sum of the partial molar properties of each component multiplied by the amount of each component in the system. Therefore, we can “divide” the property of a mixture , such as the volume or enthalpy, between its individual components according to their partial molar properties. One important example of this, which we will utilize later, is the Gibbs free energy G.

Mathematically, this means that know the form of the functions μ◦α (T, p). Physically, this means that we know everything about the thermodynamics of the pure species. Once we know the Gibbs free energy of a system as a function of temperature, pressure, and composition, we know everything about its thermodynamics. 2) α where Vα◦ is the molar volume of pure species α, and we have used the relation Vα◦ = (∂μ◦α /∂p). The total volume is equal to the sum of the volumes of the pure components. Therefore, there is no change of volume on mixing for an ideal solution.

1. In order to characterize the deviations from Raoult’s law, we define the activity coefficient for component α, which is denoted by γα , as: γα = pα . 2) Note that in general, the activity coefficient depends on the temperature, pressure, and composition of the system. If the system obeys Raoult’s law, γα = 1. When γα > 1, the system is said to exhibit positive deviation from Raoult’s law, and when γα < 1, the system is said to exhibit negative deviation from Raoult’s law. 1: Variation of the partial pressure of component α in the vapor phase with its mole fraction in the coexisting liquid phase.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.58 of 5 – based on 44 votes