Citizenship across Borders: The Political Transnationalism by Michael Peter Smith, Matt Bakker

By Michael Peter Smith, Matt Bakker

Michael Peter Smith and Matt Bakker spent 5 years conducting ethnographic box study in a number of groups within the Mexican states of Zacatecas and Guanajuato and diverse towns in California, fairly metropolitan la. Combining the knowledge they amassed there with political-economic and institutional research, the 5 prolonged case reviews in Citizenship throughout Borders supply a brand new means of the emergent dynamics of transnational group improvement and electoral politics on each side of the border.

Smith and Bakker spotlight the ongoing value of territorial identifications and nation policies—particularly these of the sending state—in cultivating and maintaining transnational connections and practices. In so doing, they contextualize and make experience of the advanced interaction of identification and loyalty within the lives of transnational migrant activists. not like high-profile warnings of the risks to nationwide cultures and political associations led to via long-distance nationalism and twin citizenship, Citizenship throughout Borders demonstrates that, faraway from undermining loyalty and diminishing engagement in U.S. political lifestyles, the perform of twin citizenship via Mexican migrants truly offers a feeling of empowerment that fosters migrants' lively civic engagement in American in addition to Mexican politics.

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Additional resources for Citizenship across Borders: The Political Transnationalism of El Migrante

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In this chapter we assess the character and consequences of particular discourses, policies, and practices that constitute a partisan political project to reincorporate transnational migrants into the panista regional state. We first focus on the changing representation by the state of el migrante, the elevation, indeed, the glorification of the migrant in guanajuatense public discourse. This transformation of the migrant from an outsider, disdainfully labeled a pocho (González Gutiérrez 1999), to an extraterritorial insider entitled to citizenship rights has been used to construct an ongoing but increasingly uncertain collaboration between the state and its migrant diaspora.

Migrant-initiated legislative reforms have created a legitimate place for Zacatecan migrants in state and local electoral politics. The Zacatecan case is also notable because migrant associations from that state, which were initially created to participate in diasporic politics in Zacatecas, have begun to engage more fully in political issues, targets, and campaigns that are part of Latino and immigrant politics in the United States. Guanajuato was chosen because, like Zacatecas, it has historically been among the leading states in sending migrants to the United States.

No longer driven primarily by revolutionary nationalist impulses, this strategy is being shaped by emerging political and economic elite sectors in each of the major Mexican political parties that accept many of the key premises of neoliberal globalization. They have developed policies toward the Mexican diaspora in order to favorably reposition Mexico in the emergent international political economy and vis-à-vis the United States (see Guarnizo 1998, 60). The state’s new strategy conceives of the Mexican diaspora as an integral part of what, under the administration of Carlos Salinas’s PRI successor, Ernesto Zedillo, began to be officially called the “Mexican global nation” (see R.

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