Clause Structure by Elly van Gelderen

By Elly van Gelderen

Clause constitution is the main widely-studied phenomenon inside syntactic thought, since it refers to how phrases and words are embedded inside a sentence, their relationships to one another inside of a sentence, and finally, how sentences are layered and represented within the human mind. This quantity offers a transparent and up to date evaluation of the Minimalist software, synthesizes crucial study findings, and explores the main shifts in generative syntax. As an available subject publication, it comprises chapters on framework, the clause ordinarily, and the semantic, grammatical and pragmatic layers. Designed for graduate scholars and researchers attracted to syntactic concept, this ebook encompasses a variety of examples taken from info acquisition, typology and language swap, along dialogue questions, important feedback for additional examining and an invaluable word list.

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I interpret this to mean that, if a language has nouns with semantic phi-features, the learner will be able to hypothesize uninterpretable features on another F (and will be able to bundle them there). Initially, a child would use lexical categories (as well as demonstrative pronouns) with interpretable features (see Radford 2000) which then would be experimented with as uninterpretable features. A third factor principle, such as (44), seems to be at work, with (44b) adapted from Muysken (2008: 46).

We’ll look at some data from acquisition. I will argue below that there exists a mechanism for the acquisition of formal/syntactic features where the child abstracts away from the semantic features, as suggested by the Feature Economy Principle in (44). An instance of this is given using data from the CHILDES-Kuczaj corpus (Kuczaj 1976) of a child by the name of Abe, who abstracts away from a preposition to a complementizer. Abe initially uses like as a lexical category only, as in (45) to (47), which he uttered when he was 3 years and 7 months (and 5 days) old.

The linearization principle in (37) is known as the Linear Correspondence Axiom (LCA), or Universal Base Hypothesis, and has 3 For more on self-Merge, see Guimara˜es (2000). 28 INTRODUCTION been used in a number of ways. The way this is usually understood is that word order is just relevant to the spell-out (at the S-M interface), but that c-command is the basic notion (at the C-I interface). As to word order, the LCA predicts that languages branch either to the right or to the left, as in (39a–b).

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