Combinatorial Morphology by John T. Stonham

By John T. Stonham

This booklet provides a close exam of an important arguments for a process-based concept of morphology and provides a highly-constrained replacement to the strong mechanisms proposed in processual theories of morphology.Data is gifted from dozens of alternative languages from a variety of language households world wide, a lot of it new to the linguistic discussion board. the significance of prosodic morphology within the research of linguistic phenomena is highlighted and the necessity for better constraints on generative strength is examined.
This paintings addresses a few of the thorniest difficulties in morphological conception in a unique substitute type, together with the problems of ablaut, trade principles, metathesis, reduplication and subtraction, and provides reanalyses in accordance with moraic morphology and the conventional proposal of 'combination' of morphemes besides the underlying subject of constraining the grammar of typical language to the utmost.
Contributions to the sphere comprise: (i) new info from Nitinaht reduplicative structures, Nootka hypocoristic formation, and Nootkan variable-length vowels; (ii) reanalyses of past difficulties, together with metathesis in Chawchila Yokuts, Hebrew, and Saanich, alternate principles in Luo, Dinka, and Diegueño, and truncation in Danish; (iii) analyses of latest difficulties from reduplication in Nitinaht and Nootka templatic morphology; and (iv) new theoretical gear is brought: the unification of templates and a brand new idea for hierarchical syllable constitution in line with the mora as head of N.

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Kwak'wala pat­ terns with Nootka, considering the N ' as the domain of stress assignment, but it differs from both Nootka and Nitinaht in also considering N ' the domain of reduplication. In this way it reduplicates non-syllabic segments under N ' along with the nucleus. 15 The final possibility is that a language may employ N ' in order to maintain three moras within the syllable, and this is the case in Japanese, as demonstrated in Poser (1990). Feet will be built on the basis of mora-counting, following a prescribed direction and language-particular rules of construction.

The final problem presented here, and the most complex, is the issue of how to capture the generalisations regarding the application of reduplication and vowel lengthening in the cases mentioned in a fashion which doesn't do injus- ON THE NATURE OF REDUPLICATION 35 tice to either the data or to theoretical considerations. It will be seen that the only way to accomplish this is to abandon the notion of strictly rule-governed appli­ cations and the idea that reduplication attaches an affix to a base, and to follow the view that both reduplication and vowel lengthening are imposed as con­ straints on the shape of the base.

A further theoretical possibility is that a suffix may require reduplication with length, not of the root vowel, but of the copy vowel. This possibility is also manifested in Nitinaht: (9) a. ba +a: ba:ba b. +'ad tuqw+sa : +quy tu :tuqVad 'tied' tie-DUR 'tied at the top' CV:R-tie-at the end 'X would melt melt-CAUS-COND 'It's melting at the handle' CV:R-melt-at the end 42 COMBINATORIAL MORPHOLOGY The fourth logical possibility is that of a suffix requiring reduplication of the root, and length on the vowels of both the root and the copy.

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