By Karen Dawisha, Bruce Parrott
During this quantity, major experts supply an research of elite politics, factionalism, occasion and curiosity staff formation, and social and ethnic groupings in Kazakhastan, Kyrgystan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia.
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Extra info for Conflict, Cleavage, and Change in Central Asia and the Caucasus
By contrast, in Brazil, where the process of electoral democratization began at about the same time as in Spain, the level of elite and public acceptance of democracy remained far lower. Guenther et al. , "O'Donnell's ' Illusions , ' " 1 55-56. 21 For a sample of the Western debates over which form of democracy is more stable, see the chapters in Part II of The Global Resurgence of Democracy, ed. Larry Diamond and Marc F. Plattner (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1 993). Perspectives on postcommunist democratization 31 22 Eugene Huskey discusses the applicability of this concept to Kyrgyzstan in his chapter in Conflict, Cleavage, and Change.
Some postcommunist countries, such as Poland, Lithuania, and Hungary, have experienced several changes in the governing coalition but still have sustained quite consistent macroeconomic and social policies for several years . Moreover, a democratic government may experience several failures of performance in the economic and social realms without necessarily undermin ing the popular legitimacy of democratic institutions, as we shall see below . Some postcommunist countries , of course, have remained in the grip of a single monopolistic party, or a hegemonic one.
Linz, and Seymour Martin Lipset (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 1 990). 8 For differing views on this question, see Kenneth Jowitt, The New World Disorder: The Leninist Extinction (Berkeley : University of California Press, 1 992), pp. 284-305; Sarah Meiklejohn Terry, "Thinking about Post-Communist Transitions: How Different Are They? " Slavic Review 52, no. 2 (Summer 1 993), 333-37; Philippe C . " Slavic Review 53, no . " Slavic Review 54, no. , "Comparing East and South," Journal of Democracy 6 , no.