By W. Krajewski
This e-book is dedicated to the issues of the expansion of technological know-how. those prob lems, missed for a very long time by way of the philosophers of technological know-how, became within the 60's and 70's a subject matter of shiny dialogue. There are philosophers who pressure in basic terms the dependence of technological know-how upon quite a few sociological, psycho logical and different elements and deny any inner legislation of the improvement of data, like drawing close the reality. the bulk rejects such nihilism and searches for the legislation of the expansion of technology. even if, they typically put out of your mind the function of the Correspondence precept which connects the suc cessive medical theories. nevertheless, a few authors, whereas stressing the function of this precept, forget logical problems attached with it, e. g. the matter of the incompatibility of successive theories, of the falsity of a few in their assumptions, and so on. i think the Correspondence precept to be a simple precept of the professional gress of up to date physics and, most likely, of each complicated technological know-how. How ever, this precept has to be effectively interpreted and the above-mentioned logical problems has to be solved. Their answer calls for, because it turns out, revealing the idealizational nature of the fundamental legislation of technology, as a minimum of the quantitative legislation of complex sciences. This aspect has been lately emphasised by way of a few Polish philosophers, particularly in Poznan.
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Extra info for Correspondence Principle and Growth of Science
6 IDEALIZATION AND ESSENCE An important and difficult problem is the problem of the ontological status of ideal models and idealizationallaws. The pOSitivists hold theories merely to be a convenient way for description and prediction of facts. The realists, especially the materialists, reject such instrumentalism and say that a theory reflects reality deeper then purely empirical laws. The direct experience shows us the 'surface' of the material world; theoretical science penetrates through this surface into the essence of 26 CHAPTER 2 the world.
Natorp, 1910). However, they were apriorists, they regarded the whole object of science as an ideal one, including facts, and did not distinguish idealizational and factual laws. French rationalists at the beginning of the twentieth century were closer to real science. They said much about ideal constructions in science, about the counterfactual nature oflaws of physics, but they also admitted the existence of aprioristic schemes in science (Meyerson, 1908, 1931; Metzger, 1926). We meet many interesting antipOSitivistic ideas in papers by conventionalists (Poincare, 1902, 1906; IDEALIZATION AND FACTUALIZATION 21 Duhem, 1906) but none of them distinguished idealizational and factual laws.
E. the movement of a body on which only the Earth's gravity acts. ) which disturb the fall in each real case. Gravity is the basic, essential factor of falling: if it did not act the phenomenon would not exist. Other factors are secondary because the fall is possible without them (of course, it is theoretically possible; practically their complete elimination is impossible). This hierarchy is objective: we may not regard air resistance as the primary factor and gravity as the secondary factor of falling.