By Marybeth Peterson Ulrich
Army aid for democratically elected governments within the states rising from communism in japanese Europe and in other places is significantly vital to the survival of the recent democracies. we've seen the army overthrow civilian governments in lots of states in Latin the USA and Africa. What might be performed to advertise aid for democratic executive in transitional states?In a groundbreaking learn, Marybeth Peterson Ulrich explores the attitudes of the leaders of the defense force in Russia and the Czech Republic towards the recent democratic governments and indicates ways that we'd inspire the improvement of politically impartial militaries in those states. construction at the paintings of Samuel Huntington and others at the courting among the army and the country, the writer means that norms of army professionalism needs to swap if the armies in nations creating a transition from communist rule are to turn into powerful supporters of the democratic nation. The Czech Republic and Russia are attention-grabbing situations, simply because they've got had very assorted stories within the transition; they've got diverse geopolitical objectives; and so they skilled diverse military-civilian relationships throughout the Soviet interval. the writer additionally explores American and NATO courses to advertise democratization in those militaries and indicates alterations within the courses. Marybeth Peterson Ulrich is affiliate Professor of presidency, U.S. military battle university.
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Extra info for Democratizing Communist Militaries: The Cases of the Czech and Russian Armed Forces
The Legacy of Soviet Patterns of Military Professionalism The unique features of the Soviet political system fostered a distinct form of military professionalism resulting from its tsarist legacy, the socialization processes of the Soviet era, and the constraints of Party control. Authoritarian models of officership and leadership, the harsh discipline of military life, an intense aversion to revealing its internal operations to the public, and the corruption of bureaucratic and personal ethics all came to characterize Soviet military professionalism.
One of the factors that can limit democratic political control is the monopolization of national security information by the military. It is difficult for civilian authorities to maintain control of the military institution if they feel incompetent in matters of national security. 35 A staff of civilian experts can serve as a filter between the military chiefs and civilian officials while also formulating its advice based on an understanding of the broadest aspects of domestic and international affairs.
They must compete for resources within democratic states, and their sense of professional responsibility motivates them to seek to influence the conduct of national security by of- A Theory of Democratic Civil-Military Relations 35 fering their professional expertise to civilian policymakers. Military leaders in a democracy can, accordingly, be expected to lobby legislators and government officials on matters related to enhancing the professionalism and competence of the armed forces and the assessment of national security needs.