Dutch: A Comprehensive Grammar by Bruce Donaldson

By Bruce Donaldson

Dutch: A entire Grammar is an entire reference consultant to fashionable Dutch grammar. This thoroughly up to date re-creation covers the hot spelling process brought in 1997 and the most recent reform of 2005. a brand new part covers modal debris.

Concentrating at the genuine styles of use in sleek Dutch via full of life and available descriptions of the language, the Grammar is an important reference resource for the learner of Dutch, without reference to point. it's perfect to be used in colleges, faculties, universities and grownup periods of every kind in addition to being quintessential to these educating themselves.

The quantity is equipped to advertise a radical figuring out of Dutch grammar. It deals a stimulating research of the complexities of the language, and gives complete and transparent reasons. all through, the emphasis is on Dutch as utilized by present-day native-speakers. an intensive index and numbered paragraphs supply readers with quick access to the knowledge they require.

Features contain:

• special remedy of the typical grammatical constructions and elements of speech

• wide exemplification

• specific recognition to parts of misunderstanding and hassle

• Dutch-English parallels highlighted during the e-book

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Sample text

5 Mossels is also possible. 6 Note: de vroede vaderen ‘the city fathers’. 44 7 Note: de Faculteit der letteren ‘the Arts Faculty’. 1111 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1011 1 12111 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 20111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 30111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 40 41111 letters letters (of the alphabet) waters waters middelen means wortelen carrots middels waists wortels roots, carrots Plural of nouns Note: The -el, -en and -er in words like wiel ‘wheel’, schoen ‘shoe’ and mier ‘ant’ are not formal endings, but are part of the root of the word, and thus they take -en in the plural, not -s.

2 There is a group of very common nouns that have a short vowel in the singular but a long vowel in the plural These are nouns which one would expect to find under (f) above which do not double the consonant as the vowel is pronounced long. g. )’. 1111 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1011 1 12111 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 20111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 30111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 40 41111 staf staff staven10 weg road wegen bad bath baden bedrag amount bedragen bevel order bevelen blad leaf of a book bladen11 dak roof daken dal valley dalen gat hole gaten gebed prayer gebeden gebod commandment geboden gebrek failing gebreken glas glass glazen graf grave graven12 hol cave holen lot lottery ticket loten pad path paden13 schot shot schoten14 slot lock, castle sloten spel game spelen15 vat barrel vaten16 verbod prohibition verboden verdrag treaty verdragen Plural of nouns Neuter 10 Staven is also the plural of de staaf ‘stick’.

Van Goor en Zonen. 1111 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1011 1 12111 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 20111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 30111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 40 41111 The military ranks generaal, kolonel, korporaal and luitenant also take -s (all these words take the stress on the final syllable). e. 1 When the -en suffix is added to nouns to form the plural, the following spelling changes apply (a) Nouns with aa, ee, oo or uu drop one vowel in the open syllable produced by the suffixing of -en: maan ‘moon’ – manen, peer ‘pear’ – peren, brood ‘bread’ – broden, muur ‘wall’ – muren.

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