Environmental Best Management Practices for Aquaculture by Craig S. Tucker, John A. Hargreaves

By Craig S. Tucker, John A. Hargreaves

Released in Cooperation with the U.S. AQUACULTURE SOCIETY

The speedy development of aquaculture world wide and locally has triggered matters over social and environmental affects. Environmental advocacy teams and govt regulatory organizations have known as for larger administration to deal with in all likelihood damaging affects and guarantee sustainable aquaculture improvement. most sensible administration Practices (BMPs) mix sound technology, good judgment, economics, and site-specific administration to mitigate or hinder antagonistic environmental affects.

Environmental top administration Practices for Aquaculture will offer technical information to enhance the environmental functionality of aquaculture. This publication often is the merely finished advisor to BMPs for mitigation of environmental affects of aquaculture within the usa. The e-book addresses improvement and implementation of BMPs, BMPs for particular aquaculture creation platforms, and the economics of imposing top administration practices. Written through across the world well-known specialists in environmental administration and aquaculture from academia, executive, and non-governmental firms, this booklet may be a priceless reference for cutting edge manufacturers, coverage makers, regulators, examine scientists, and scholars.

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2002). Boyd (2005). c Yoo and Boyd (1994). d Hamper (2000). e Hargeaves et al. (2002). 1 30 Environmental Best Management Practices for Aquaculture rivers. Pumping water from wells or other sources is too expensive for large-scale commercial aquaculture and is seldom used except in small public hatcheries or in commercial hatcheries that are used for only part of the year (as in channel catfish farming, for example; Tucker 2005). Water flowing into culture units provides dissolved oxygen and water flowing out carries away metabolic wastes, such as carbon dioxide, ammonia, and fecal solids.

Aquaculture can affect sensitive ecosystems other than mangroves. Marine benthic communities may be impacted by net-pen aquaculture, and construction and operation of freshwater ponds can destroy sensitive wetlands. Certain types of open-water molluscan Fig. 6. Superimposable images of a 17 by 25 km block of land in central Humphreys County in the Yazoo-Mississippi River floodplain of northwest Mississippi. This is one of three areas within the floodplain with intensively developed catfish pond aquaculture.

Aquaculture and the Environment in the United States 25 land and construction costs for ponds can be assigned to waste treatment functions, and the relatively large land area occupied by a pond aquaculture facility is a price the farmer pays for treating wastes on site rather than discharging the waste to public waters. ) associated with internalizing waste treatment in channel catfish ponds and calculated that almost 30% of the total cost of producing channel catfish can be ascribed to internal waste treatment processes.

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