By Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development
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Extra info for Fifty Years of Transport Policy: Sucesses, Failures and New Challenges
Comparable information was provided to the Committee after completion of its report, and published later (Goodwin, 1996), for the alternative routes, sometimes called ‘relieved routes’ for 85 of these. It was notable that the underestimates are greater for the alternative routes than for the improved roads themselves. Observed traffic levels on 39 rural roads which had been relieved by trunk road schemes were nearly 20% higher than forecast. The roads which bypasses had been intended to relieve showed traffic levels 25% higher than forecast, even though the forecasts for the bypasses themselves were (on average) reasonably good.
5. Establishing finally, and implementing a commonly agreed framework for financing Transport Infrastructure. The balance between public funding, private funding, and application of the “user pays” principle, is something that needs to be established once and for all. The decisions to be taken on this issue will inextricably determine the rate and extent of developing Transport Infrastructures for the 2010s, especially in the developing areas of Eastern Europe. Of particular importance in this respect is the regulatory capacity that will be acknowledged to governments to set the “right” balance, but clear and objective rules should be established as to ways in which to arrive at this right balance.
Thus, in all areas concerning the impact of interurban transport supply on the structuring of space, transport economics has not as yet developed models capable of simulating these structuring effects adequately. Similarly, we have relatively few tools for conducting a detailed simulation of the impact of parking policy in an urban environment. A whole series of issues are classified in the category “Beginning to have expertise”. This means that the research community has developed the relevant models, but that they are not yet fully tested or widely used.