By Yumkio Kura
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Extra info for Fishing for Answers: Manking Sense of the Global Fish Crisis
The world tuna market can be divided into two distinct types: the high-priced “sashimi” market, which is consumed fresh and uncooked; and the low-priced canned tuna market. The sashimi market relies on bluefin, bigeye, and yellow fin tuna, while the canned tuna market uses mostly skipjack, albacore, and bonito. 6 million MT in 2000 (Globefish 2002a). Japan remained the world’s top producer in 2000, harvesting 630,000 MT—a slight decline from its peak in the late 1980s. Eighty percent of the tuna imported by Japan is used for sashimi (OPRT 2002) and it consists mainly of fresh or frozen bigeye, yellow fin, and bluefin tuna flown in from Indonesia, one of Japan’s major suppliers.
C R I S I S jp8382 text 5/26/05 10:10 AM Page 25 CHAPTER HOW DO WE CATCH, USE, AND TRADE FISH? This chapter traces the world’s “fish flows” to give readers some insight into the real globalization of fishing as well as some perspective on the geographic impacts of the purchasing choices they make. We address the issues of who produces and consumes fish, which fish consumers prefer, what is done with the fish once it is caught, and how the global fish trade figures into this balance. To facilitate the reader’s understanding of this chapter, the differences between the terms fish production and fish capture are explained.
That is because the impact of overfishing has been masked by steady expansion of the fishing enterprise into new fishing grounds, intensification of fishing effort using new technologies, and rapid exploitation of alternative fish stocks as traditional species are fished out. Continuous geographic expansion of fishing effort. The last 50 years have seen an unprecedented geographic expansion of fishing effort by industrial fleets. They have ventured far from their “core” fishing areas in the North Atlantic and North Pacific to areas unexploited or underexploited prior to the 1960s—areas such as the Indian Ocean and the southern waters around Antarctica.