Foot and Mouth Disease: New values, innovative research by A. J. Van Der Zijpp, M. J. E. Braker, C. H. A. M. Eilers, H.

By A. J. Van Der Zijpp, M. J. E. Braker, C. H. A. M. Eilers, H. Kieft, T. A. Vogelzang

A foot-and-mouth affliction outbreak isn't really by means of definition a foot-and mouth disorder situation. Why then did the 2001 outbreak lead to a main issue scenario within the Netherlands? It was once now not simply because not anyone used to be ready for it. The Ministry of Agriculture, Nature administration and Fisheries had a state of affairs in inventory. The situation used to be utilized as meant and the situation did what it was once purported to do; it avoided spreading of the affliction; it ended in a comparatively speedy eradication of the sickness; and it minimized harm to agriculture exports. however, the trouble used to be there. This record experiences on a strategy within which the participants and teams thinking about the problem participated in a joint research of what brought on the difficulty, and within the making of a coverage and learn schedule. the belief used to be that lack of knowledge of the societal functionality of animals and the nation-state used to be the reason for the concern: the state of affairs focussed on foot-and-mouth disorder keep watch over in a production-orientated setting. in truth many folks perceived that the situation and its inflexible program as threatening non-production values resembling the spouse function of animals and the leisure functionality of the panorama. necessarily one other outbreak of foot-and-mouth will happen. in spite of the fact that, learn and coverage should still heavily tackle this conception of animals and nation-state to avoid a deadly disease from turning into a major concern

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The workshop had positive side-effects on communication between the societal participants. To actively advance the social dialogue, greater effort is needed than was possible in a workshop. Given the financial and time limitations, the chosen approach led to a reasonably intensive exchange. For the first time, wide structured communication between those involved socially, research representatives, business and government has provided a sound basis for responsible research policy on FMD. All parties contributed basic knowledge and experience, on which the problem analysis and solutions directions were built.

This produces a total score for each alternative, allowing them to be ranked in order. The criteria, indicators, and weightings were selected by a steering committee consisting of representatives of the authorities, industry, and various other organisations. A session was held – in a “group decision room” (GDR) – at which the steering committee set the basic criteria, indicators, and weightings for an integrated evaluation framework. Performing an MCA is basically subjective because the analysis is based on the preferences and perceptions of those concerned and these are built into the model.

Governance (interactive policy-making) is a better strategy in this respect than government. • Viewed in the context of a wide-ranging evaluation framework (one that includes psychosocial factors), strategies involving regional emergency vaccination (with relatively small vaccination areas) score highest. The larger the number of animals that need to be slaughtered (as part of a policy of preventive slaughter or vaccination), the lower the score. 49 Appendix 1. Causes and effects of the FMD outbreak and crisis Social values changed and functions of animals shifted in importance Important values in cities: - nature - cuddliness of animals - biodiversity - cultural heritage - openness - democracy - trust in organisations - robustness - cooperation - new parties unite with farmers - respect for life Animal trade is international Netherlands dependent on export Difference in animal health status on farms in EU Exporting countries/regions must comply with rules Netherlands interpreted EU policy Policy influenced by international decision process Export rules caused sales problems FMD is endemic Animals were fed swill Transport increased Non-vaccination policy was valid Livestock density was high Important values in agriculture: - changed rural area - subsistence of farmers - beloved animals - equality in production chain Danger of infection Diagnosis was slow Control and prevention was insufficient FMD epidemic outbreak Alienation occurs conflicts between scenario and cultural values FMD scenario of Ministry of Agriculture was executed in cooperation between organisations by killing companion and wild animals by inaccessibility to organisations by damaging animal welfare by intimidation and manipulation Communication was not effective FMD crisis occurred Figure 1.

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