By Johannes Helmbrecht, Stavros Skopeteas, Yong-Min Shin, Elisabeth Verhoeven
Language description enriches linguistic conception and linguistic idea sharpens language description. according to this assumption, the quantity offers theoretical and empirical experiences that discover the explanatory strength of functional-typological linguistics for the research of the world's languages.
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Extra info for Form and Function in Language Research: Papers in Honour of Christian Lehmann
The label ‘unified we’ (abbreviated ‘unifwe’) embraces paradigms which have one form for non-singular first person covering all three interpretations, 1+2, 1+2+3, and 1+3, as is the case in English and most of the person paradigms cited earlier. We will consider this form to belong to plural number in case there is such a paradigm. The third pattern labelled ‘only inclusive’ (abbreviated ‘only incl’) is used for paradigms in which there is a special form for 1+2 together with 1+2+3 but not for the exclusive 1+3.
We now can find a way of linking up the two poles of the dimension, viz. ABSTRACTION and NAMEGIVING, with one another. In the latter technique the relation between pragmaticity and semanticity is reversed. Pragmaticity is dominant in its metalinguistic appearance, while semanticity is recessive. 6 4. Consequences 1. Within the dimension of APPREHENSION we have encountered pragmaticity as a unified principle based on communicative interaction with the representation of a concept, in our case the concept ‘thing’, assumed to be given.
4 Nonetheless, we do acknowledge that the first and second persons are more central to the grammatical category of person than the third. e. 5 (1) 1>2>3 28 Dik Bakker and Anna Siewierska Within the three person system, a paradigm fully specified for person is one in which each of the three persons is distinguished from the other by a phonologically distinct form. e. zero. In the case of independent person paradigms three phonologically distinct overt forms are the cross-linguistic norm. In the case of dependent forms the presence of a zero if not exactly statistically dominant (see Siewierska 2005) is a highly common phenomenon, particularly of the third person singular.