Generative Morphology by Sergio Scalise

By Sergio Scalise

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5) The word mountainal is not formed by the WFR's, since -al is attached by rule to verbs (cf. ) not to nouns. Mountainal is both a non-existent and an "impossible" word. 2. e. e. WFR's, were posited to account for the formation of words. The modifications served not only to lighten the 32 Generative morphology burden of the transformational component by removing those operations that involved numerous lexically governed exceptions; they also provide a way to account for a fundamental difference between syntax and morphology.

Which were taken to be the basic forms. The reasons for this treatment were essentially two-fold: a general reason and a specific reason. The general reason was that, within the Standard Theory, any time forms were encountered for which it was thought that the grammar should express some type of relationship, the strategy was to identify a basic form and to derive the other form from this one by applying one or more rule(s). As has been mentioned, furthermore, the burden of expressing relations within the Standard Theory fell on the transformational (and phonological) rules, the obvious, though forced, result was that forms such as criticize and criticism were related by the transformational component.

As he points out, words are peculiar in several respects. First of all, not all the words that could exist do, in fact, exist, and secondly, the existent words d o not always mean what they are expected to mean. e. the members of Halle's Dictionary) cannot simply be a subset of the items produced by a regular morphology that generates words and their meanings on the basis of meaningful morphemes. In fact, as AronofT (1976:18) states: (9) This is the basic trouble with morphemes. Because words, though they may be formed by regular rules, persist and change once they are in the lexicon, the morphemes out of which words seem to have been formed, and into which they seem to be analyzable, d o not have constant meanings and in some cases they have no meaning at all.

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