By Timothy Gorringe
This ebook examines the connection among the theologies of atonement and penal suggestions. Christian theology was once powerful in Western society till the 19th century, and the so-called "satisfaction concept" of the atonement interacted and reacted with penal perform. Gorringe argues that atonement theology created a constitution of impact that preferred retributive guidelines. He experiences concept and perform within the 20th century, and makes concrete proposals for either theology and felony and societal violence.
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Extra resources for God’s Just Vengeance: Crime, Violence and the Rhetoric of Salvation
22). In a number of cases God's anger is clearly averted by sacrifice (Exod. 13; Num. 14 Propitiation seems to be implied by the frequent references to God's wrath, which are found in both early and late strata. The kipper word group is often used in relation to God's wrath. The imagery of sacrifices having a pleasing smell for God likewise implies propitiation. However, 'None of this need imply crudely buying off an angry deity with sacrifices; rather God has appointed for his people means of removing evil and of turning away wrath ...
3. Religion and retribution 17 argues, is that 'punishment aims ... 39 Legal obligation, then, is a species of moral obligation: the obligations which the laws of my community impose on me are aspects of my moral obligation to care for the good of that community. 40 The theologian's intervention in the continuing dispute between legal positivists and their opponents takes roughly the form Duff indicates. The engagement of religion, or at any rate the Christian religion, with law is in its account of what it means to be human, and therefore of what constitutes human or subhuman forms of community.
The distinction Driver seeks to make between allaying God's anger and averting it is hard to follow. R. Brown, The Epistles of John (London, G. Chapman, 1983), p. 220. Blood which makes atonement 39 16 practice'. God's anger is a reaction to the breach of the covenant, as this is expressed in the law, but also a means of restoring the relationship between Godself and human beings. It is the expression of YHWH's wounded love, which is why God's anger is but a 'moment'. 17 In the latter part of the Old Testament the picture of an ultimate Day of Judgement, which will be a day of 'ruin and devastation' (Zeph.