Grammaire latine : Introduction linguistique à la langue by Christian Touratier

By Christian Touratier

Cette grammaire se veut une grammaire latine complète au sens traditionnel du mot, avec description du fonctionnement de l. a. langue, en même temps qu'une grammaire latine renouvelée dans tous les domaines où los angeles linguistique moderne a fait progresser les choses : phonologie structurale et générative, morphologie structurale et générative, syntaxe fonctionnelle et examine en constituants immédiats, etc.

Le souci de clarté est prédominant, avec une définition de tous les techniques descriptifs employés et un recours consistent à l'exemple.

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Extra resources for Grammaire latine : Introduction linguistique à la langue latine

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Alziamoci! alzatevi! Non ti alzare! Non vi alzate! Non alzarti! Non alziamoci! Non alzatevi! Verb Usage Review / 47 Note that in the second option of the tu form, the infinitive drops the final –e before the pronoun. In the verb charts, in the negative imperative of the tu form, only the second option will be displayed, but both are possible. If the infinitive is preceded by a form of dovere, potere, or volere, the reflexive pronoun either attaches to the infinitive (which drops its final –e) or precedes the conjugated verb.

Andrà a Roma in treno. He will go to Rome by train. More often than in English, the future is replaced by the present tense to refer to a definite event, especially if it is in the immediate future. Domani vado al mare. Ti chiamo dopo. Tomorrow I’m going to the beach. I’ll call you later. To express tentative plans by contrast, the future tense is used. Che cosa fai quest’estate? Forse farò un viaggio in Italia. What are you doing this summer? Maybe I will take a trip to Italy. In Italian, there is no equivalent for “to be going to,” which is expressed by the ordinary future or by the present tense.

Non) finite! The verbs avere and essere have irregular imperative forms—for example, Sii te stessa! ) (tu) (noi) (voi) avere essere abbi! abbiamo! abbiate! sii! siamo! siate! The following verbs have irregular tu imperatives that are frequently used instead of the present-tense forms. The other imperative forms of these verbs are regular, including the negative forms. andare: va’ (vai) dare: da’ (dai) fare: fa’ (fai) stare: sta’ (stai) dire: di’ INFORMAL IMPERATIVE WITH PRONOUNS In informal affirmative imperative, object (direct or indirect, combined forms, ci or ne) and reflexive pronouns are attached to the end of the verb to form one word, no matter how long the word becomes: Scrivimi appena possible!

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