By Diane Pecher, Rolf A. Zwaan
One of many key questions in cognitive psychology is how humans characterize wisdom approximately suggestions reminiscent of soccer or love. a few researchers have proposed that suggestions are represented in human reminiscence via the sensorimotor platforms that underlie interplay with the skin global. those theories signify advancements in cognitive technological know-how to view cognition not when it comes to summary details processing, yet when it comes to belief and motion. In different phrases, cognition is grounded in embodied reviews. reports express that sensory conception and motor activities help figuring out of phrases and item strategies. additionally, even knowing of summary and emotion strategies will be proven to depend on extra concrete, embodied stories. ultimately, language itself may be proven to be grounded in sensorimotor approaches. This booklet brings jointly theoretical arguments and empirical facts from numerous key researchers during this box to aid this framework.
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Additional info for Grounding Cognition : The Role of Perception and Action in Memory, Language, and Thinking
Affordances and Concept-Nouns If object information is stored in terms of affordances, it is plausible that words that refer to objects activate the same affordances as the objects themselves. However, the same object could actually possess many affordances. In the case of a car, the steering wheel could afford driving, while the seat could afford sitting. Thus, it is plausible that not all affordances are activated during a simulation, only affordances elicited by canonical actions as well as affordances relevant for the current goals (Zwaan, Stanﬁeld, & Yaxley, 2002; Carlson & Kenny, Chapter 3, this volume).
Knowledge about hand shaping and knowledge about objects. Journal of Motor Behavior 19, 187–213. Object Concepts and Action 33 Klatzky, R. , Pellegrino, J. , McCloskey, B. P. & Doherty, S. (1989). Can you squeeze a tomato? The role of motor representations in semantic sensibility judgments. Journal of Memory and Language 28, 56–77. , & Jones, S. (1998). Object shape, object function, and object name. Journal of Memory and Language 38, 1–27. Lin, E. , & Murphy, G. L. (2001). Thematic relations in adults’ concepts.
Goodale, M. A. (1995). The Visual Brain in Action. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Murphy, G. L. (2002). The Big Book of Concepts. Cambridge, MA: MIT. , & Barsalou, L. W. (2003). Verifying conceptual properties in different modalities produces switching costs. Psychological Science 14, 119–124. Phillips, J. , Humphreys, G. , & Price, K. J. (2002). The neural substrates of action retrieval: An examination of semantic and visual routes to action. Visual Cognition 9, 662–684. Phillips, J. , & Ward, R.