Healthy Ties: Social Capital, Population Health and Survival by Markku T. Hyyppä

By Markku T. Hyyppä

Social capital is a commonly said candidate for imposing useful democratic techniques and selling public future health. fit ties. Social capital, inhabitants wellbeing and fitness and survival lines the trail from the conceptualization to the implementation of social capital. to supply empirical facts of the results of social capital on public overall healthiness is a significant problem and the focus of the ebook. within the Nordic international locations, own identity codes linking information from a number of resources, nation-wide inhabitants registers, nationally consultant and re-tested healthiness surveys, and the lengthy culture of epidemiology undergo serve good the learn into social capital and public health and wellbeing. updated longitudinal facts on social capital and wellbeing and fitness results are rigorously defined and reviewed during this ebook. In Finland, the Swedish-speaking minority is particularly long-lived and has larger healthiness compared with the Finnish-speaking majority. good conscious of the guideline that minorities do worse than their respective majorities when it comes to future health and healthiness, the writer offers this unprecedented phenomenon as a superb zone for social capital and public wellbeing and fitness examine. fit ties. Social capital, inhabitants future health and survival should still motivate students, researchers, lecturers and complex scholars in social epidemiology and public future health, and bring about new interventions in selling health.

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My personal experience has been to face uncritical and even personified scientific opposition, but fortunately also encouragement and enthusiasm, as a result of my theoretical contributions to social capital research. Indiscriminating protest usually leads nowhere, but critical argumentation against a new concept can be fruitful for science. As we all know, Kuhn’s paradigm shift in science starts with the ambivalent reactions of scientists. Critical and multiple scientific views, even scientific resistance, may lead to a paradigm shift as an element of scientific progress, and furthermore to better understanding, which is the intention of science.

However, due to the underlying theoretical background (Bourdieu 1979, 1980, 1986), its strength is most apparent in the individual-level measurement of social capital (Lin 2008, van der Gaag and Webber 2008). Individual-level social capital shows less variation in the conceptualization and in the dimensions than collective-level social capital, as has been described in the previous chapter. The problems caused by aggregate data can also be avoided when social capital is defined and operationalized from the individual-level perspective.

A modern society offers voluntary associations with or without identification, in other words, participation in a group or community does not necessarily call for a membership card or personal identification. An obligation may not be necessary for being a part of a community. Especially in urban circumstances, individuals can participate without being told to do so. They can freely choose the groups, organizations, clubs, neighborhoods and communities they prefer to be involved in. Sociologists and psychologists assume that the desire to make good things and to gain benefit is more or less universal, but the resources to fulfill that desire are not equal.

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