By Judyth L. Twigg (eds.)
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For hundreds of years, dictators governed Russia. Tsars and Communist celebration chiefs have been responsible for therefore lengthy a few analysts claimed Russians had a cultural predisposition for authoritarian leaders. but, because of reforms initiated by way of Mikhail Gorbachev, new political associations have emerged that now require election of political leaders and rule through constitutional systems.
In portray Imperialism and Nationalism crimson, Stephen Velychenko lines the 1st expressions of nationwide, anti-colonial Marxism to 1918 and the Russian Bolshevik career of Ukraine. Velychenko reports the paintings of early twentieth-century Ukrainians who looked Russian rule over their kingdom as colonialism.
The publication examines the background of Czechoslovakia within the seventy years seeing that its founding by way of T. G. Masaryk. It analyses the profound alterations which came about in the course of the First Republic, the Nazi career, postwar liberation and communist rule, together with either the Stalinist years, the Prague Spring of 1968 and the next interval of normalization to 1988.
This e-book comprises clean methods to the interplay among regime and society in twentieth-century Russia. It bargains new solutions to usual questions: * How important is 'totalitarianism' as a version to classify authoritarian regimes? * What percentages existed for tsarism to set up itself as a constitutional monarchy?
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- Red Priests: Renovationism, Russian Orthodoxy, and Revolution, 1905-1946
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Additional info for HIV/AIDS in Russia and Eurasia Volume 2
Granskaya, O. Borodkina, A. Kukharsky, and A. Kozlov (2001) “HIV Risk Behavior and Risk-Related Characteristics of Young Russian Men who Exchange Sex for Money or Valuables from Other Men,” AIDS Education and Prevention, 13(2):175–188. —— (2002) “HIV Risk Characteristics and Prevention Needs in a Community Sample of Bisexual Men in St. Petersburg, Russia,” AIDS Care, 14(1):63–76. Kon, I. (1995) The Sexual Revolution in Russia: From the Age of the Czars to Today (New York: Free Press). Kramer, J.
And I. Kon (1998) “Sex Education and HIV Prevention in the Context of Russian Politics,” in R. , Politics Behind AIDS Politics: Case Studies from India, Russia, and South Africa (Berlin: Public Health Policy). Clarke, R. (1999) “AIDS in Russia: Conservatism May Kill Millions,” Green Left Weekly, April, 356. Danziger, R. (1996) “An Overview of HIV Prevention in Central and Eastern Europe,” AIDS Care, 8(6):701–707. , E. Vinogradova, B. Mebel, N. Chaika, and A. Rumyantsev (2002) “Social and Psychological Characteristics of Males with Non-Traditional Sexual Orientation,” Abstract Code WePeE6501, Barcelona, International AIDS Conference.
After the law’s passage, some physicians hesitated to teach addicts how to take drugs safely for fear of prosecution, although others have reported that this did not present a legal challenge to their work (Clarke, 1999; Mariner, 2001). In essence, at least in some cases, the law severely restricted the ability of health professionals to provide medical care to drug users. The situation changed radically in 2004 when two important amendments were introduced into Russian legislation. The first 26 Bobrik and Twigg change concerns the concept of “average minimum doses,” which linked the severity of an offender’s punishment to the amount of drugs found by law enforcement officers.