Hungary: the Politics of Transition (Postcommunist States & by Terry Cox

By Terry Cox

G?bor B?tonyi analyzes Hungary's altering function and geopolitical place in vital Europe within the gentle of long term historic developments.  The ebook comprises chapters at the country's economics, politics, society and the transition from Communist kingdom to democracy.

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Extra resources for Hungary: the Politics of Transition (Postcommunist States & Nations)

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3 In other words, forms of transition from communism are affected by the nature of the old regime. The Decay of Communist Rule: The Beginning After the suppression of the 1956 Hungarian revolution, the communist leadership gave up the idea of creating a totally politicized society or of mobilizing the citizens in order to legitimize the system of rule. They were basically satisfied with the fact that most people had resigned themselves to the existing system and had accepted their inability to bring about change through collective political action.

The HSWP held the view that the president should be directly elected by the people as this would ensure that presidential authority could be asserted in situations where the political legitimacy of parliament was being challenged. On the other hand, the opposition round table held the view that only a freely elected national assembly had the authority to decide the terms for the selection of a president and that neither the existing assembly nor the participants of the tripartite negotiations had the authority to introduce such a fundamental constitutional reform.

The dominant political forces belong to the neo-traditionalist Right while the centre-right Europeanizing parties are still too weak to govern and to formulate the grand design for democratization. Thus, in contrast to the common wisdom, it is the Right which has been in deeper crisis, since it has not been able to produce a real and strong European type of centre-right party. The Left has also been similarly split between the traditionalists and modernists (if the Stalinist conservatives can be called Left at all).

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