Imperial Policies and Perspectives Towards Georgia, by Nikolas K. Gvosdev

By Nikolas K. Gvosdev

This article examines how the Russian Empire improved around the barrier of the Caucasus mountains to take keep an eye on of the Georgian lands on the shut of the 18th century. with out equipped plan for conquest, Imperial coverage fluctuated established either on group of workers alterations within the Imperial govt and strategic re-evaluations of Imperial pursuits. specific recognition is paid to the position of 2 major participants - Princes Potemkin and Tsitsianov - in pushing the Empire towards overall incorporation.

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Following the Ottoman defeat at the battle of Bogaverd (14 June 1735), north of Erevan, a peace treaty between Persia and the Ottomans restored the status quo prior to 1723; the Ottomans withdrew from 14 The Embassy of Teimuraz II 15 Eastern Georgia and recognized Persian supremacy there. Nadir rewarded Teimuraz’s loyalty by confirming him as King of Kakhetia and also gave him control over one of the key provinces of Kartli, Aragvi. In turn, Teimuraz’s son Erekle entered Nadir’s service and served as one of his generals in the Persian invasion of India in 1739.

Therefore, Panin was appointed as president of the College of International Affairs, but Vorontsov was made chancellor, ensuring that no one faction would gain total supremacy in the conduct of Russian foreign policy. 87 2 The Embassy of Teimuraz II The Russian withdrawal from Transcaucasia during the 1730s was very disillusioning for many Georgians, who had hoped for liberation from Islamic rule. The most pro-Russian of the Georgian monarchs, Vakhtang VI, had been deposed by the Turks and forced into exile in Russia.

Solomon then deposed the Catholicos-Patriarch Vissarion on 10 May 1769, on the grounds of treason, since the prelate had visited the Ottoman pasha in Akhaltsikhe in March. Vissarion had originally been a strong supporter of Solomon, helping him to unify Western Georgia and forbid the slave trade. However, the Patriarch had turned against the king once Solomon had begun to feud with Rostom Eristavi, Vissarion’s brother. After removing him from office, Solomon raised his younger brother Iosif to the patriarchal see.

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