By Pauline Jones Luong
The institution of electoral structures in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan provides a posh set of empirical puzzles in addition to a theoretical problem. Why did 3 states with related cultural, ancient, and structural legacies identify such diverse electoral platforms? How did those certain results end result from strikingly comparable institutional layout techniques? Explaining those puzzles calls for knowing not just the result of institutional layout but in addition the intricacies of the method that resulted in this end result. in addition, the transitional context during which the 3 states designed new electoral principles necessitates an strategy that explicitly hyperlinks strategy and consequence in a dynamic surroundings. This publication presents such an procedure. It depicts institutional layout as a transitional bargaining video game during which the dynamic interplay among the structural-historical and immediate-strategic contexts without delay shapes actors' perceptions of shifts of their relative energy, and as a result, their bargaining suggestions. therefore, it either builds at the key insights of the dominant ways to explaining institutional foundation and alter and transcends those techniques by way of relocating past the constitution as opposed to supplier debate.
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Extra info for Institutional Change and Political Continuity in Post-Soviet Central Asia: Power, Perceptions, and Pacts
Journal of Democracy 6, 2: 74–85; Geddes, Barbara. 1995. A Comparative Perspective on the Leninist Legacy in Eastern Europe. Comparative Political Studies 28, 2: 239–74; and Geddes, Barbara. 1996. Initiation of New Democratic Institutions in Eastern Europe and Latin America. In Arend Lijphart and Carlos H. Waisman, eds. Institutional Design in New Democracies: Eastern Europe and Latin America. Boulder, CO: Westview Press; and Frye, Timothy. 1997. A Politics of Institutional Choice: Post-Communist Presidencies.
24 2 Explaining Institutional Design in Transitional States BEYOND STRUCTURE VERSUS AGENCY The establishment of electoral systems in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan presents both a complex set of empirical puzzles and a theoretical challenge. Why did three states with similar cultural, historical, and structural legacies establish such different electoral systems? How did these distinct outcomes result from such strikingly similar institutional design processes? What accounts for the similarities in the process by which they each designed new electoral rules – in particular, the common salience of regionalism – and yet, the divergent forms that electoral systems took as a result of this process?
See also, for example, Fish, M. Steven. 1998. ” Unpublished manuscript; and Kubicek, Paul. 1998. Authoritarianism in Central Asia: Cause or Cure? Third World Quarterly 19, 1: 29–43. Examples include Haggard, Stephan and Robert R. Kaufman. 1997. The Political Economy of Democratic Transitions. Comparative Politics: 262–83; Jowitt, Kenneth. 1992. The Leninist Legacy in Eastern Europe. In Ivo Banac, ed. Eastern Europe in Revolution. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press; and Widener, Jennifer. 1994.