Java Language Specification by Tim Lindholm, Frank Yellin

By Tim Lindholm, Frank Yellin

Written by way of the inventors of the know-how, The Java(tm) Language Specification, moment version is the definitive technical reference for the Java(tm) programming language. that will be aware of the perfect which means of the language's constructs, this can be the resource for you.The booklet presents entire, exact, and designated insurance of the syntax and semantics of the Java programming language. It describes all facets of the language, together with the semantics of every kind, statements, and expressions, in addition to threads and binary compatibility.

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Sample text

6. 4, neither of the characters CR and LF is ever considered to be an InputCharacter; each is recognized as constituting a LineTerminator. It is a compile-time error for a line terminator to appear after the opening " and before the closing matching ". 1). 4), and so the string literal is not valid in step 3. 6). Similarly, it is not correct to write "\u000d" for a string literal containing a single carriage return (CR). Instead use "\r". 3). String objects have a constant value. intern. 1). • Literal strings within different classes in the same package represent references to the same String object.

1 Unicode D Programs are written using the Unicode character set. org The Java platform tracks the Unicode specification as it evolves. The precise version of Unicode used by a given release is specified in the documentation of the class Character. 5. 0). The Unicode standard was originally designed as a fixed-width 16-bit character encoding. 2 Lexical Translations LEXICAL STRUCTURE RA FT tion requires more than 16 bits. The range of legal code points is now U+0000 to U+10FFFF, using the hexadecimal U+n notation.

Before Neal’s involvement, Bill Maddox was in charge of javac when the previous edition was completed, and he nursed features such as generics and asserts through their early days. Another individual who deserves to be singled out is Joshua Bloch. Josh participated in endless language design discussions, chaired several expert groups and was a key contributor to the Java platform. It is fair to say that Josh and Neal care more about this book than I do myself! Many parts of the specification were developed by various expert groups in the framework of the Java community process.

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