Labour Relations in Transition: Wages, Employment and by Simon Clarke

By Simon Clarke

Labour kinfolk in Transition presents a special perception into the realities of Russian commercial organizations within the transition interval because it impacts employees at the store flooring. in keeping with a distinct collaborative programme of ethnographic and case learn learn, this quantity contains unique paintings by means of Western and Russian students concentrating on the restructuring of wages, employment and commercial kinfolk, and the way employees have spoke back to those alterations. in addition to featuring pioneering research of exchange unions and commercial clash, Labour family members in Transition addresses altering prestige hierarchies in the group, the location of ladies in construction, the method of financial ruin, and insider and outsider keep watch over. this can be the 3rd quantity within the sequence administration and in Russia and should be welcomed through sociologists and Russian experts for addressing modern Labour-Management family members in the context of the altering value of labor and paintings family members within the lives of Russian employees.

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Vadim insists that although the strike was provoked by price increases, it would be wrong to see this as a strike against economic reform, for it took place within what was still a rigidly centralised state-controlled economy. However, he argues, the state had lost its power over the economy and was not able to respond to the strikers’ demands in the way that it had in 1989 and 1991. Nevertheless, the institutionalisation of the strike did not lead to the strengthening of workers’ organisation.

In smaller mono-product enterprises, such as the coal mines of Kuzbass, there is much less scope for such internal redeployment of labour. The restructuring of the coal-mining industry, which implies widespread mine closures and the ‘rationalisation’ of production in existing mines, will necessarily lead to very 30 Labour Relations in Transition substantial job losses. Until recently the coal-mining industry has been relatively protected by the substantial subsidies paid to the industry, largely as a result of the political weight of the coal miners in the unstable political situation in the country.

RESTRUCTURING EMPLOYMENT Sergei and Marina’s paper takes us on to the central issue of the restructuring of employment, which is the focus of the next three papers. Tanya Metalina concentrates on the employment policy of large industrial enterprises, based primarily on the case study of a militaryindustrial enterprise in Samara which has faced a massive decline in production since 1989. Tanya begins by describing the typical characteristics of employment policy in the Soviet period, which was marked by the attempt of management to maximise the authorised labour force leading to the existence of a substantial surplus of labour within the enterprise.

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