By Jae Jung Song
Language typology is the learn of the structural similarities among languages despite their historical past, to set up a category or typology of languages. it's a middle subject of old linguistics and is studied on all conventional linguistics measure classes. in recent times there was elevated curiosity the topic and it truly is a space we have now been seeking to fee a publication in.
Jae Jung tune proposes to introduce the undergraduate reader to the topic, with dialogue of subject matters which come with - what's language typology and why is it studied; be aware order; language sampling; relative clauses; diachronic typology; and functions of language typology. there'll even be dialogue of the main well known parts of study within the topic and readers may be capable of assessment facts chosen from quite a lot of languages to determine how languages paintings and the way in a different way they behave.
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Extra resources for Linguistic Typology: Morphology and Syntax
Since it will be discussed in detail in Chapter 2, suffice it to mention that Tomlin's (1986) large-scale study of basic word order reveals that there is no statistical difference between the frequency of SOY and that of SVO, both being the most frequent basic word order types. It is tempting to draw the conclusion from this that there is no linguistic preference for SOY to the exclusion of SVO. But Dryer (1989: 269-70) demonstrates that there is indeed a linguistic preference for SOY over SVO, and that the lack of a statistical difference between SOY and SVO in Tomlin's investigation is due to the distinction between linguistic preferences and actual frequencies of different linguistic types not being maintained.
Greenberg (1963b); Comrie (1976); Keenan and Comrie (1977); Nichols (1986) inter alia). The obvious shortcomings in their samples notwithstanding they did not only provide much insight into the nature of human language, which continues to play an important role in typological research. But, more often than not, they also gave impetus to subsequent large-scale research. Needless to say, any generalizations or inferences based on such convenience samples should only be taken as what they are - suggestions or preliminary findings concerning cross-linguistic patterns, or language universals - and they should naturally undergo further empirical verification, or revision on the basis of more languages, or more adequately constructed language samples.
But the independence of cases certainly cannot be upheld when some independent cases are included in, but others are excluded from, the final sample because it will not be clear from that sample what the languages chosen are independent of. Even worse is the situation where small stocks that have been excluded from the sampling happen to possess exceptional or rare linguistic types because 'exceptional types test the rule' (Perkins 1988: 367). The weakness in question can actually be demonstrated by means of one of the samples discussed in Bell's (1978: 149) own paper.