By Tom Hager
Linus Pauling was once crucial chemist, and arguably an important American scientist, of the 20 th century. From his description of the chemical bond to his discovery of the reason for sickle-cell anemia and his groundbreaking paintings with nutrition C, his paintings leaped over the limits of disciplines, together with chemistry, physics, biology, immunology, nuclear physics, and extra. Now during this intriguing new biography, acclaimed technology author Tom Hager brings Pauling's wide variety of medical accomplishments vividly to lifestyles whereas additionally laying off mild on Pauling's actions outdoors the medical realm. He indicates how Pauling used his medical popularity to aid improve political motives, rather the conflict opposed to the unfold of nuclear guns in the course of the Nineteen Fifties. regardless of the difficulty his political activism brought on him, he remained unmoved in his commitment to creating the area a more secure position. His perseverance was once rewarded with a Nobel Peace Prize in 1963, making him the single individual in background to win unshared Nobels. In Linus Pauling, we examine a real a systematic vast: imaginitive, daring, and unafraid of somebody and something.
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Extra resources for Linus Pauling: And the Chemistry of Life (Oxford Portraits in Science)
Heitler and London's approach depended on applying Schrodinger's difficult wave equation to every electron in a molecule—a daunting process even for the interaction of two simple atoms that quickly became impossible for the interaction of more complex atoms. While he was working on this problem, another one caught his attention. X-ray crystallography was impossible to use on any but the simplest chemical structures, because anything more involved produced complicated X-ray diffraction patterns far too intricate to decode in the days before computers.
Pauling heard firsthand the sometimes acrimonious debate between adherents of Heisenberg's matrices and Schrodinger's waves. In the summer of 1926 he saw Schrodinger present his wave ideas for the first time in Munich where the young Heisenberg jumped up at the end of the lecture to challenge his views. For a while it looked as though the physics world might split into two warring camps. But over the months Pauling was in Europe, it began to become clear that Schrodinger's and Heisenberg's ideas were not different realities but two different mathematical methods for arriving at the same atomic reality.
By applying the mathematics of wave functions, Schrodinger was able to create equations that also matched the observed properties of simple atoms. Pauling heard firsthand the sometimes acrimonious debate between adherents of Heisenberg's matrices and Schrodinger's waves. In the summer of 1926 he saw Schrodinger present his wave ideas for the first time in Munich where the young Heisenberg jumped up at the end of the lecture to challenge his views. For a while it looked as though the physics world might split into two warring camps.