By V. Ambrazas, et al.
The 1st complete description of the grammatical constitution of Lithunian, together with phonology, morphology and syntax to be released in English. This moment revised version was once released in 2006. 802 web page hardback with dustjacket.
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G. You have to worry about continued financial support). Consider next a sentence-level topic: (26) a. Jack, when I go to see him, he's never home, and he's always complaining that his friends ignore him. b. Jack, he's always complaining. The comment sentence may be complex, as in (26a), in which case a number of propositions are integrated in its dominion. Or it may be monoclausal, as in (26b), in which case the target consists of just a single proposition. Either way, the nominal establishing the topic is 40 Ronald W.
The difference emerges more clearly in sentences describing class membership: (21) a. A lynx is a feline. b. * A feline is a lynx. I analyze these expressions also as profiling the identity of two individuals. e. 5 Given that the lynx class is a proper subset of the feline class, the well-formedness contrast between (2la) and (21b) can be seen as a consequence of the subject functioning as point of access for interpreting the profiled identity relation. In (2la), we initially focus on a lynx and describe it as coinciding with a feline; in view of the subset relationship, this will always be valid.
In a conventional form-meaning pairing, the form is an initial point of access, hence a reference point. It prompts the listener to evoke a certain domain of knowledge—the conceptual base, which we can identify as the reference point's dominion—and focus attention on a particular element within it, the profile, which is thus a target accessible via the reference point. In the case of a metonymic interpretation, the expression's profile (its usual referent) functions in turn as a reference point affording mental access to its intended referent.