Mechanical Engineers' Handbook. Vol. 4 Energy and Power by Myer Kutz

By Myer Kutz

The engineer's prepared reference for mechanical strength and heat

Mechanical Engineer's Handbook offers the main entire assurance of the total self-discipline, with a spotlight on rationalization and research. Packaged as a modular method, those books are designed for use both separately or as a collection, supplying engineers with an intensive, unique, prepared reference on subject matters which can fall outdoor their scope of craftsmanship. each one e-book presents dialogue and examples rather than instantly facts and calculations, giving readers the speedy heritage they want whereas pointing them towards extra in-depth details as important. Volume four: power and Power covers the necessities of fluids, thermodynamics, entropy, and warmth, with chapters devoted to person purposes akin to air heating, cryogenic engineering, indoor environmental keep an eye on, and extra. Readers will locate distinct assistance towards gasoline assets and their applied sciences, in addition to a normal evaluation of the mechanics of combustion.

No unmarried engineer could be a expert in all components that they're known as directly to paintings within the different industries and activity capabilities they occupy. This e-book provides them a source for locating the data they wish, with a spotlight on themes on the topic of the productions, transmission, and use of mechanical strength and heat.

  • Understand the character of power and its right dimension and analysis
  • Learn how the mechanics of strength follow to furnaces, refrigeration, thermal structures, and more
  • Examine the and execs and cons of petroleum, coal, biofuel, sun, wind, and geothermal power
  • Review the mechanical components that generate, transmit, and shop sorts of energy, and the acceptable guidelines

Engineers needs to usually consult with facts tables, criteria, and different list-type references, yet this booklet is diverse; rather than simply delivering the reply, it explains why the answer's what it's. Engineers will have fun with this technique, and are available to discover Volume four: strength and Power a useful reference.

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Extra info for Mechanical Engineers' Handbook. Vol. 4 Energy and Power

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H. Thomson, DIPPR, Bartlesville, OK, and literature sources. 60 Dashes indicate inaccessible states. 7 Ideal Gas Sensible Enthalpies (kJ/kg ⋅ mol) of Common Products of Combustiona,b Substance T (K) 200 220 240 260 280 300 320 340 360 380 400 420 440 460 480 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 CO CO2 H2 O(g) NO NO2 N2 O2 SO2 −2,858 −2,276 −1,692 −1,110 −529 54 638 1,221 1,805 2,389 2,,975 3,562 4,152 4,642 5,334 5,929 7,427 8,941 10,475 12,020 13,590 15,175 16,780 −3,414 −2,757 −2,080 −1,384 −667 67 822 1,594 2,383 3,187 4,008 4,841 5,689 6,550 7,424 8,314 10,580 12,915 15,310 17,760 20,270 22,820 25,410 −3,280 −2,613 −1,945 −1,277 −608 63 736 1,411 2,088 2,768 3,452 4,138 4,828 5,522 6,221 6,920 8,695 10,500 12,325 14,185 16,075 17,990 19,945 −2,950 −2,345 −1,749 −1,148 −547 54 652 1,248 1,847 2,444 3,042 3,641 4,247 4,849 5,054 6,058 7,589 9,146 10,720 12,310 13,890 15,550 17,200 −3,494 −2,803 −2,102 −1,390 −668 67 813 1,573 2,344 3,130 3,929 4,739 5,560 6,395 7,243 8,100 10,295 12,555 14,875 17,250 19,675 22,140 24,640 −2,855 −2,270 −1,685 −1,105 −525 55 636 1,217 1,800 2,383 2,967 3,554 4,147 4,737 5,329 5,921 7,401 8,902 10,415 11,945 13,490 15,050 16,630 −2,860 −2,279 −1,698 −1,113 −529 60 650 1,238 1,832 2,429 3,029 3,633 4,241 4,853 5,468 6,088 7,655 9,247 10,865 12,500 14,160 15,840 17,535 −3,736 −3,008 −2,266 −1,508 −719 75 882 1,702 2,541 3,387 4,251 5,123 6,014 6,923 7,827 8,749 11,180 13,545 16,015 18,550 21,150 23,720 26,390 (continued) 38 Thermophysical Properties of Fluids Table 27 (Continued) Substance T (K) CO CO2 H2 O(g) NO NO2 N2 O2 SO2 900 950 1,000 1,050 1,100 1150 1200 1250 1300 1350 1400 1450 1500 1550 1,600 1,650 1,700 1,750 1,800 1,850 1,900 1,950 2,000 2,100 2,200 2,300 2,400 2,500 2,600 2,700 2,800 2,900 3,000 18,400 20030 21,690 23,350 25,030 26,720 28,430 30,140 31,870 33,600 35,340 37,090 38,850 40,610 42,380 44,156 45,940 47,727 49,520 51,320 53,120 54,930 56,740 60,380 64,020 67,680 71,350 75,020 78,710 82,410 86,120 89,830 93,540 28,040 30,700 33,410 36,140 38,890 41,680 44,480 47,130 50,160 53,030 55,910 58,810 61,710 64,800 67,580 70,530 73,490 76,460 79,440 82,430 85,430 88,440 91,450 97,500 103,570 109,670 115,790 121,930 128,080 134,260 140,440 146,650 152,860 21,920 23,940 25,980 28,060 30,170 32,310 34,480 36,680 38,900 41,130 43,450 45,770 48,100 50,460 52,840 55,240 57,680 60130 62,610 65,100 67,610 70,140 72,690 77,830 83,040 88,290 93,600 98,960 104,370 109,810 115,290 120,810 126,360 18,860 20,540 22,230 23,940 25,650 27,380 29,120 30,870 32,630 34,400 36,170 37,950 39,730 41,520 43,320 45,120 46,930 48,740 50,560 52,380 54,200 56,020 57,860 61,530 65,220 68,910 72,610 76,320 80,040 83,760 87,490 91,230 94,980 27,180 29,740 32,340 34,950 37,610 40,260 42,950 45,650 48,350 51,090 53,810 56,560 59,310 62,070 64,850 67,640 70,420 73,220 76,010 78,810 81,630 84,450 87,260 92,910 98,580 104,260 109,950 115,650 121,360 127,080 132,800 138,540 144,270 18,220 19,835 21,460 23,100 24,750 26,430 28,110 29,810 31,510 33,220 34,940 36,670 38,410 40,160 41,910 43,670 45,440 47,210 49,000 50,780 52,,570 54,370 56,160 59,760 63,380 67,010 70,660 74,320 77,990 81,660 85,360 89,050 92,750 19,245 20,970 22,710 24,460 26,180 27,990 29,770 31,560 33,350 35,160 36,970 38,790 40,610 42,440 44,280 46,120 47,970 49,830 51,690 53,560 55,440 57,310 59,200 62,990 66,800 70,630 74,490 78,370 82,270 86,200 90,140 94,110 98,100 29,020 31,700 34,430 37,180 39,920 42,690 45,460 48,270 51,070 53,900 56,720 59,560 62,400 65,260 68,120 71,000 73,870 76,760 79,640 82,540 85,440 88,350 91,250 97,080 102,930 108,790 114,670 120,560 126,460 132,380 138,300 144,240 150,180 a Converted and usually rounded off from JANAF Thermochemical Tables, NSRDS-NBS-37, 1971.

21 22 Thermophysical Properties of Fluids Figure 5 Enthalpy–log pressure diagram for Refrigerant 134a. 476 v = specific volume (m3 /kg); h = specific enthalpy (MJ/kg); s = specific entropy (kJ/kg ⋅ K); cp = specific heat at constant pressure (kJ/kg ⋅ K); f = saturated liquid; g = saturated vapor. Converted from the tables of J. K. Fink, Argonne Nat. Lab. rept. ANL-CEN-RSD-82-4, 1982. 55 × 10−10 . 179 a v = specific volume; h = specific enthalpy; s = specific entropy; cp = specific heat at constant pressure.

H. Thomson, DIPPR, Bartlesville, OK, and literature sources. 60 Dashes indicate inaccessible states. 7 Ideal Gas Sensible Enthalpies (kJ/kg ⋅ mol) of Common Products of Combustiona,b Substance T (K) 200 220 240 260 280 300 320 340 360 380 400 420 440 460 480 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 CO CO2 H2 O(g) NO NO2 N2 O2 SO2 −2,858 −2,276 −1,692 −1,110 −529 54 638 1,221 1,805 2,389 2,,975 3,562 4,152 4,642 5,334 5,929 7,427 8,941 10,475 12,020 13,590 15,175 16,780 −3,414 −2,757 −2,080 −1,384 −667 67 822 1,594 2,383 3,187 4,008 4,841 5,689 6,550 7,424 8,314 10,580 12,915 15,310 17,760 20,270 22,820 25,410 −3,280 −2,613 −1,945 −1,277 −608 63 736 1,411 2,088 2,768 3,452 4,138 4,828 5,522 6,221 6,920 8,695 10,500 12,325 14,185 16,075 17,990 19,945 −2,950 −2,345 −1,749 −1,148 −547 54 652 1,248 1,847 2,444 3,042 3,641 4,247 4,849 5,054 6,058 7,589 9,146 10,720 12,310 13,890 15,550 17,200 −3,494 −2,803 −2,102 −1,390 −668 67 813 1,573 2,344 3,130 3,929 4,739 5,560 6,395 7,243 8,100 10,295 12,555 14,875 17,250 19,675 22,140 24,640 −2,855 −2,270 −1,685 −1,105 −525 55 636 1,217 1,800 2,383 2,967 3,554 4,147 4,737 5,329 5,921 7,401 8,902 10,415 11,945 13,490 15,050 16,630 −2,860 −2,279 −1,698 −1,113 −529 60 650 1,238 1,832 2,429 3,029 3,633 4,241 4,853 5,468 6,088 7,655 9,247 10,865 12,500 14,160 15,840 17,535 −3,736 −3,008 −2,266 −1,508 −719 75 882 1,702 2,541 3,387 4,251 5,123 6,014 6,923 7,827 8,749 11,180 13,545 16,015 18,550 21,150 23,720 26,390 (continued) 38 Thermophysical Properties of Fluids Table 27 (Continued) Substance T (K) CO CO2 H2 O(g) NO NO2 N2 O2 SO2 900 950 1,000 1,050 1,100 1150 1200 1250 1300 1350 1400 1450 1500 1550 1,600 1,650 1,700 1,750 1,800 1,850 1,900 1,950 2,000 2,100 2,200 2,300 2,400 2,500 2,600 2,700 2,800 2,900 3,000 18,400 20030 21,690 23,350 25,030 26,720 28,430 30,140 31,870 33,600 35,340 37,090 38,850 40,610 42,380 44,156 45,940 47,727 49,520 51,320 53,120 54,930 56,740 60,380 64,020 67,680 71,350 75,020 78,710 82,410 86,120 89,830 93,540 28,040 30,700 33,410 36,140 38,890 41,680 44,480 47,130 50,160 53,030 55,910 58,810 61,710 64,800 67,580 70,530 73,490 76,460 79,440 82,430 85,430 88,440 91,450 97,500 103,570 109,670 115,790 121,930 128,080 134,260 140,440 146,650 152,860 21,920 23,940 25,980 28,060 30,170 32,310 34,480 36,680 38,900 41,130 43,450 45,770 48,100 50,460 52,840 55,240 57,680 60130 62,610 65,100 67,610 70,140 72,690 77,830 83,040 88,290 93,600 98,960 104,370 109,810 115,290 120,810 126,360 18,860 20,540 22,230 23,940 25,650 27,380 29,120 30,870 32,630 34,400 36,170 37,950 39,730 41,520 43,320 45,120 46,930 48,740 50,560 52,380 54,200 56,020 57,860 61,530 65,220 68,910 72,610 76,320 80,040 83,760 87,490 91,230 94,980 27,180 29,740 32,340 34,950 37,610 40,260 42,950 45,650 48,350 51,090 53,810 56,560 59,310 62,070 64,850 67,640 70,420 73,220 76,010 78,810 81,630 84,450 87,260 92,910 98,580 104,260 109,950 115,650 121,360 127,080 132,800 138,540 144,270 18,220 19,835 21,460 23,100 24,750 26,430 28,110 29,810 31,510 33,220 34,940 36,670 38,410 40,160 41,910 43,670 45,440 47,210 49,000 50,780 52,,570 54,370 56,160 59,760 63,380 67,010 70,660 74,320 77,990 81,660 85,360 89,050 92,750 19,245 20,970 22,710 24,460 26,180 27,990 29,770 31,560 33,350 35,160 36,970 38,790 40,610 42,440 44,280 46,120 47,970 49,830 51,690 53,560 55,440 57,310 59,200 62,990 66,800 70,630 74,490 78,370 82,270 86,200 90,140 94,110 98,100 29,020 31,700 34,430 37,180 39,920 42,690 45,460 48,270 51,070 53,900 56,720 59,560 62,400 65,260 68,120 71,000 73,870 76,760 79,640 82,540 85,440 88,350 91,250 97,080 102,930 108,790 114,670 120,560 126,460 132,380 138,300 144,240 150,180 a Converted and usually rounded off from JANAF Thermochemical Tables, NSRDS-NBS-37, 1971.

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