Modes of Occurrence: Verbs, Adverbs and Events by Barry Taylor

By Barry Taylor

Ranging from the placement recursive conception of fact is imperative to a idea of which means, this e-book investigates the issues adverbs pose for systematic semantics. Barry Taylor argues that the hitherto promising "predicate modifier" strategy fails to deal with the extra sophisticated difficulties of adverbial constitution and that Donald Davidson's replacement - to construe adverbs as adjectives on occasions - can basically paintings inside of a metaphysical conception of the character of occasions. the writer is going directly to recommend that this metaphysical conception might be extracted by means of conceiving of an occasion as a truth which registers a continual swap in an item. To make this extra rigorous he contains out an exact set theoretic development of "facts" and analyses the thought of switch, using a taxonomy that Aristotle used to categorise verbs by way of the homes they show of their non-stop tenses. the result's an unique and accomplished account which demonstrates the significance of mixing the idea of occasions with a semantic notion of adverbs as occasion predicates. Its affinities to past debts (such as Jaegwon Kim's) position it firmly inside of a starting to be physique of literature: its unique twists and richness of element make it a big and cutting edge paintings.

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Modes of Occurrence: Verbs, Adverbs and Events

Ranging from the location recursive concept of fact is principal to a conception of which means, this ebook investigates the issues adverbs pose for systematic semantics. Barry Taylor argues that the hitherto promising "predicate modifier" process fails to deal with the extra refined difficulties of adverbial constitution and that Donald Davidson's substitute - to construe adverbs as adjectives on occasions - can in basic terms paintings inside a metaphysical thought of the character of occasions.

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Aux-to-Comp rule, with the participle here moving left in the way the Aux does in the cases he discusses, and that the object NP itself moves into subject position: (49) conosciuta [IP me{ AGR; [VP [v e] [e];]] The participle must assign case from its derived position to the NP in subject position (in order to respect (20) above). 7. Conclusion Various Romance languages, to varying degrees, have constructions in which it appears that a past participle is agreeing with its object NP. We have argued that all such cases should be interpreted otherwise: The past participle never agrees directly with an NP in object position.

19. If Chomsky (1986a, 6) is correct, then the IP complement of the tense auxiliary must not be an argument. 20. Spanish has 'Juan tiene escrita la carta', but that seems clearly related to its also having 'Juan tiene la carta escrita', which calls for case assignment from 'tener' to the smallclause subject (cf. , we have been concentrating on. Case assignment from 'avere' could conceivably be available in the literary Italian that allows (45). 21. The Occitan described by Miremont requires that Wh-movement be unable to apply to (the structure corresponding to) (45), presumably because 'le ragazze' there is not in an A-position.

ECM Ruwet (1982, 150) has observed an interesting contrast between the following two constructions: (37) une femme qu'on a dit belle ('a woman that one has said beautiful') (38) une femme qu'on a dit ne pas etre belle ('. . neg. not to-be . ') Example (37) is an instance of Wh-movement applied to the subject of a small clause embedded under 'dire', and (38) an example of the same except that the small clause is replaced by an infinitive. une femme qu'on a dite ne pas etre belle The relevant substructure of (39) is 'Whj NP a [IP [e]j [,P AGRj dite [[e]j belle]]] in which the second [e]; is governed by the participle across the small-clause boundary.

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