Molecular Biology and Brain Ischemia by Teruo Abe (auth.), Koki Shimoji M.D. (eds.)

By Teruo Abe (auth.), Koki Shimoji M.D. (eds.)

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Neuron 5:583-595 28. Werner P, Voigt M, Keinanen K, Wisden W, Seeburg PH (1991) Cloning of a putative high-affinity kainate receptor expressed predominantly in hippocampal CA3 cells. Nature 351:742-744 29. Moriyoshi K, Masu M, Ishii T, Shigemoto R, Mizuno N, Nakanishi S (1991) Molecular cloning and characterization of the rat NMDA receptor. Nature 354:31-37 30. Yamakura T, Mori H, Masaki H, Shimoji K, Mishina M (1993) Different sensitivities of NMDA receptor channel subtypes to non-competitive antagonists.

The ions responsible for this mGluR current component were determined by the current-voltage (I-V) relationship using the ramp-wave method. When the patch pipette (internal) solution and external solution contained 150 and 5 mM K+, respectively, t-ACPD (10- 4 M) elicited an inward current and the I-V relationship slope decreased during response. 9mV, which was close to the EK of -B2mV (Fig. BA). 4mV. These results indicated that K+ was the dominant charge carrier for the mGluR-mediated inward current.

These phenomena were regarded as the LTP. In some experiments, the area between the zero line and the curve of the PS amplitude from 12 to 62min after TS was calculated in each slice as another value reflecting the magnitude of the LTP (hatched region in the plot of the LTP time-course shown in Fig. ld). Role of Cholinergic Neurons in Mossy Fiber LTP Anatomical studies of the hippocampus have identified the projections of cholinergic fibers that originate from the medial septum nuclei and terminate in the pyramidal cells and granule cells of the hippocampal formation [2].

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