By Björn Rothstein, Rolf Thieroff
This publication is the 1st complete survey of temper within the languages of Europe. It offers readers entry to a suite of knowledge on temper. each one article provides the temper process of a selected eu language in a manner that readers no longer conversant in this language may be able to comprehend and to interpret the knowledge. The articles include details at the morphology and semantics of the temper approach, the prospective combos of annoying and temper morphology, and the prospective makes use of of the non-indicative mood(s). The papers handle the reason of temper from an empirical and descriptive point of view. This booklet is of curiosity to students of temper and modality, language touch, and areal linguistics and typology.
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Additional info for Mood in the Languages of Europe (Studies in Language Companion Series)
Tübingen: Stauffenburg. , Jókay, Z. & Szabó, D. 1975. Lehrbuch der ungarischen Sprache. München: Hueber. Bense, G. 1996. Skizze einer Grammatik der litauischen Gegenwartssprache. Litauisch für Deutsche. Zweite durchgesehene und erweiterte Fassung. Halle: Martin-Luther-Universität HalleWittenberg. , Bochmann, K. & Bronsert, S. 1987. Grammatik der rumänischen Sprache der Gegenwart. Leipzig: Verlag Enzyklopädie. Buchholz, O. & Fiedler, W. 1987. Albanische Grammatik. Leipzig: Verlag Enzyklopädie. Comrie, C.
It is indeclinable, but it has several syntactic functions: verbal (passive or middle as well as active), adjectival and adverbial (in addition there are declinable deverbal nouns in ‑andi). The most central one is the active verbal function illustrated in (10): (10) Þarna kemur hún hlaupandi. ’ The present participle is “present” or unshifted in the sense that it always has a temporal reading that is simultaneous with the temporal reading of some other predicate (such as kemur in (10)). The central syntactic functions of the past participle are: A.
3 Embedded subjunctives: Their use and meaning The subjunctive is largely a subordinate clause phenomenon. Subordinate clauses are commonly divided into nominal clauses (or argument clauses), relative clauses, and Halldór Ármann Sigurðsson adverbial clauses. Relative clauses: mostly ind, but sbjv is also possible, depending on properties in superordinate clause(s) The most important factor that correlates with mood selection in nominal clauses is the semantics of the matrix predicate that contains the clause (as a subordinate argument).