By Efstathios Michaelides, Clayton T. Crowe, John D. Schwarzkopf
As a result significance of multiphase flows in a wide selection of industries, together with energy, petroleum, and various processing industries, an realizing of the habit and underlying theoretical options of those structures is important. Contributed by way of a workforce of renowned specialists led by means of a expert with greater than thirty years of expertise, the Multiphase move instruction manual offers such an figuring out, and masses extra. It covers all features of multiphase flows, from basics to numerical tools and instrumentation.
The publication starts off with an creation to the basics of particle/fluid/bubble interactions by way of gas/liquid flows and techniques for calculating procedure parameters. It contains up to date info on useful business purposes akin to boiling and condensation, fluidized beds, aerosols, separation structures, toxins keep an eye on, granular and porous media stream, pneumatic and slurry delivery, and sprays. insurance then turns to the latest info on particle/droplet-fluid interactions, with a bankruptcy dedicated to microgravity and microscale flows and one other on simple multiphase interactions. Rounding out the presentation, the authors speak about numerical equipment, state-of-the artwork instrumentation, and complex experimental techniques.
Supplying up to date, authoritative details on all facets of multiphase flows in addition to quite a few difficulties and examples, the Multiphase move instruction manual is the main entire reference on hand for knowing the stream of multiphase combos.
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Extra info for Multiphase Flow Handbook (Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Series)
Oseen (1913) first successfully used this term in the development of an expression for the hydrodynamic force on a sphere. In the case of creeping flow in a quiescent fluid (Re ϽϽ 1), the nonlinear advection term may be neglected in comparison to the viscous term. ” Creeping or Stokes flow basically implies that the relative Reynolds number of the flow, Rer, is very small and, hence, all the inertia effects that are represented by the nonlinear term of the governing equation may be neglected. 1 Stokes Flow A characteristic of the Stokes equation is that neither the Reynolds number nor any other dimensionless parameter appears in it.
136]) and the freestream gas density, ρf∞. 140) The effective latent heat of vaporization, heff in the denominator of the last expression, is the sum of the fg latent heat of the vapor at the drop surface and the sensible heat that is conducted to the interior of the drop. 142) The last two expressions are valid in the ranges 10 Ͻ Rer Ͻ 200 and 1 Ͻ Ren Ͻ 20. 143) The correlations presented above and the pertinent studies suggest that the drag coefficient of burning and evaporating droplets shows only a small departure from the corresponding values derived without mass transfer.
144) is a dimensionless measure of the relative magnitude of the two length scales. Continuum flows imply that Kn ϽϽ 1. Since the molecular free path of a gas is proportional to the ratio of the viscosity divided by the product of the speed of sound and the gas density (lm ∼ µ/cρ), it follows that Kn is also proportional to the © 2006 by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC Basic Concepts and Definitions 1-35 ratio of the Mach number and the Reynolds number (Kn ∼ M/Re). Schaaf and Chambre (1958) identified four flow regimes to characterize rarefaction flows, and Crowe et al.