Mycoheterotrophy: The Biology of Plants Living on Fungi by Vincent S. F. T. Merckx (auth.), Vincent Merckx (eds.)

By Vincent S. F. T. Merckx (auth.), Vincent Merckx (eds.)

Over the process evolution, a number of plant lineages have came upon how you can receive water, minerals, and carbohydrates from fungi. a few crops are capable take advantage of fungi to such an quantity that they lose the necessity for photosynthesis. the power of a plant to continue to exist fungal carbon is named mycoheterotrophy. This fascinating strategy has involved botanists for hundreds of years, but many features of mycoheterotrophy have remained elusive for an extended time.

Mycoheterotrophy: The Biology of vegetation residing on Fungi explores the biology of mycoheterotrophs, supplying normal insights into their ecology, range, and evolution. Written via well known specialists within the box and strengthened with lavish illustrations and pictures, this quantity presents a thematic evaluate of alternative features of mycoheterotrophy. complete and easily available, Mycoheterotrophy: The Biology of crops residing on Fungi is a precious source for researchers and scholars who're drawn to the method of mycoheterotrophy.

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Extra info for Mycoheterotrophy: The Biology of Plants Living on Fungi

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Gametophyte green, costate, with club-shaped hairs, or, in the case of Stromatopteris, mycoheterotrophic, subterranean and cylindrical. Number of genera and species—The family consists of six genera (Dicranopteris, Diplopterygium, Gleichenella, Gleichenia, Sticherus, Stromatopteris), with ca. 130 species. Only Stromatopteris has mycoheterotrophic gametophytes. Distribution and habitat—Tropical and Southern Hemisphere, with species reaching Japan. It shows a Gondwana distribution, with centers of diversity in Australasia and South America.

The complexity of the sporophyte in comparison with the gametophyte allows the sporophyte to live under a much wider range of environmental conditions than the gametophyte. The sporophyte is however dependent to grow in places where the gametophyte can survive long enough for fertilization to take place. , in heterosporous species). 2 Gametophytes and Mycoheterotrophy Gametophytes of ferns are usually chlorophyllous, but in some cases the gametophyte is formed underground and lacks chlorophyll.

Merckx, John V. M. Christenhusz, Raymond E. Stotler, Barbara Crandall-Stotler, Norman Wickett, Paula J. M. 1 Introduction Fully mycoheterotrophic plants share only one particular feature—the obligation to obtain carbon from fungi. T. O. V. Freudenstein Department of Evolution, Ecology, and Organismal Biology, The Ohio State University Herbarium, 1315 Kinnear Road, Columbus, OH 43212, USA J. M. E. Stotler • B. Crandall-Stotler Department of Plant Biology, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL 62901-6509, USA N.

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