New Perspectives on Argument Structure in Functional Grammar by Ricardo Mairal Usón, María Jesús Pérez Quintero (eds.)

By Ricardo Mairal Usón, María Jesús Pérez Quintero (eds.)

The current monograph bargains with lexical illustration and linking in the framework of useful Grammar. The suggestion of predicate body as initially proposed in 1978 and next refinements of the speculation are challenged in new layout of representing argument taking houses is formulated. This new structure opens new strains of study in the direction of the layout of a brand new linking set of rules in practical Grammar.

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Carol cut the envelope open. James cut a rose for Emily. James cut Emily a rose. James cut a mask out of the cardboard James cut the cardboard into a mask James cut the cardboard into a mask *James cut the cardboardfrom a box into a mask According to Levin (1993), this inventory of alternations differentiates CUT verbs from other semantic classes of verbs. Nevertheless, she does not say how to distinguish between verbs such as slash, prune, chop, and hack, which belong to the same class and are characterized by many of the same alternations as cut.

The PFRs discussed in this section all derive predicates from predicates. Let us now turn to a special class of PFRs, which creates predicates from terms. 5. Term predicate formation FG allows for predicates to be derived from terms by means of a special subset of PFRs known as Term Predicate Formation Rules (TPFRs). The output of a TPFR is identical to the output in (31) above, with the difference that the derived predicate has no syntactic category. } is a derived predicate Note that the argument of the derived predicate has the semantic function Zero: the resultant predication designates a State.

The predicate in Functional Grammar 15 To abolish quantitative valency altogether may be going too far: whereas English EAT can regularly occur without mention of its Goal, that seems more difficult for DEVOUR; if the second argument of PUT (in the sense of 'place, position') is specified, the third (Locative) argument is generally required, although that is not true of either PLACE or POSITION: (17) a. He ate all night. b. He devoured all night. (18) a. I then positioned the lamp. b. / then put the lamp.

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