By Artemis Alexiadou, Florian Schäfer
This quantity features a number of papers facing buildings that experience a passive-like interpretation yet don't appear to percentage all of the houses with canonical passives. The fifteen chapters of this quantity increase very important questions in regards to the right characterization of the common houses of passivization and mirror the present dialogue during this quarter, masking syntactic, semantic, psycho-linguistic and typological points of the phenomenon, from various theoretical views and in numerous language households and sponsored up ordinarily by way of huge corpora and experimental reports.
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Extra info for Non-Canonical Passives
This will be automatically identified with the λ-abstracted argument in the semantics, since there would be no other source for its interpretation. (25) illustrates the workings of Theme externalisation more concretely. For simplicity’s sake I ignore the possibility that small clauses involve functional heads. (25) Small clause in The car seemed damaged. s e y damage(the_car)(e) & cause(s)(e) & initiator(e)(y) SC DP AP the car s x e y damage(x)(e) & cause(s)(e) & initiator(e)(y) V(P) A damage -d e damage(x)(e) s x P e y P(x)(e) & cause(s)(e) & initiator(e)(y) Are less stipulative accounts of externalization possible?
Events in adjectival passives. ), 259–273. Saarbrücken: Saarland University Press. Grimshaw, Joan. 1990. Argument Structure. Cambridge MA: The MIT Press. Haspelmath, Martin. 1994. Passive participles across languages. In Voice: Form and Function [Typological Studies in Language 27], Barbara A. Fox & Paul J. Hopper (eds), 151–177. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Kemmer, Suzanne. 1993. The Middle Voice [Typological Studies in Language 23]. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Kratzer, Angelika. 2000. Building Statives.
That such participles are only used DP-internally suggests an analysis involving reduced relativisation of a verbal passive (see Sleeman for recent discussion), although (2b,c) should make us wary of appeal to DP-specific mechanisms to explain predicativeattributive contrasts like (1e) vs. (2a). Note also that preference for DP-internal use also affects prenominal participles (failed authors vs. *this author is failed; likewise for (2d)). More work is needed to understand this phenomenon and assess its relevance to the verbal-adjectival distinction.