Non-Transformational Syntax: Formal and Explicit Models of by Robert Borsley, Kersti Börjars

By Robert Borsley, Kersti Börjars

This authoritative advent explores the 4 major non-transformational syntactic frameworks: Head-driven word constitution Grammar, Lexical-Functional Grammar, Categorial Grammar, and easier Syntax. It additionally considers a variety of concerns that come up in reference to those methods, together with questions about processing and acquisition.

  • An authoritative advent to the most choices to transformational grammar
  • Includes introductions to 3 customary non-transformational syntactic frameworks: Head-driven word constitution Grammar, Lexical-Functional Grammar, and Categorial Grammar, besides the lately built less complicated Syntax
  • Brings jointly linguists who've constructed and formed those theories to demonstrate the significant homes of those frameworks and the way they deal with a number of the major phenomena of syntax
  • Discusses more than a few concerns that come up in reference to non-transformational ways, together with processing and acquisition

Chapter 1 straightforward rules of Head?Driven word constitution Grammar (pages 9–53): Georgia M. Green
Chapter 2 complex issues in Head?Driven word constitution Grammar (pages 54–111): Andreas Kathol, Adam Przepiorkowski and Jesse Tseng
Chapter three Lexical?Functional Grammar: Interactions among Morphology and Syntax (pages 112–140): Rachel Nordlinger and Joan Bresnan
Chapter four Lexical?Functional Grammar: sensible constitution (pages 141–180): Helge Lodrup
Chapter five Combinatory Categorial Grammar (pages 181–224): Mark Steedman and Jason Baldridge
Chapter 6 Multi?Modal Type?Logical Grammar (pages 225–267): Richard T. Oehrle
Chapter 7 replacement Minimalist Visions of Language (pages 268–296): Ray Jackendoff
Chapter eight Feature?Based Grammar (pages 297–324): James P. Blevins
Chapter nine Lexicalism, Periphrasis, and Implicative Morphology (pages 325–358): Farrell Ackerman, Gregory T. Stump and Gert Webelhuth
Chapter 10 Performance?Compatible Competence Grammar (pages 359–377): Ivan A. Sag and Thomas Wasow
Chapter eleven Modeling Grammar progress: common Grammar with out Innate rules or Parameters (pages 378–403): Georgia M. Green
Chapter 12 Language Acquisition with Feature?Based Grammars (pages 404–442): Aline Villavicencio

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In addition, some sort of Sentential Subject Condition seems to be required to exclude gaps in clausal subjects. In fact, it is not just clausal subjects that prohibit gaps in subject position: all subject phrases headed by verbs or complementizers (verbals in Sag 1997) display the same property, and the same property holds for gerundive NPs: (70) a. b. c. d. *Lou, to argue with ___ makes me sick. *Lou, that Terry argued with ___ irritated everyone. *Who do you think arguing with ___ would infuriate Terry?

In the representation of Kim is a pediatrician in (17c), that something is required to be whatever satisfies the predication in (17a) that something bears the name Kim. The content value in (17c) illustrates conformity to the principles of Semantic Compositionality and Semantic Inheritance: ● ● Semantic Compositionality: A phrase’s RESTR value is the union of the RESTR values of the daughters. Semantic Inheritance: A headed-phrase’s mode and index values are structure shared with those of the head daughter.

B. Grilled or baked is likely to be how they prefer their fish. c. Very carefully tends to be the best way to approach a 600-pound gorilla. Semantic roles are assigned only to situational and individual indexes. Consequently, roles are never assigned to expletives, and role-assigned arguments are never expletives, but some predicates subcategorize for expletive subjects that they assign no role to, for example: ● ● ● “weather” expressions (it): rain, late, Tuesday … ; existential verbs (there): be, arise, occur … ; extraposition verbs and adjectives (it): seem, bother, obvious … .

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