Non-Transformational Syntax: Formal and Explicit Models of by Robert Borsley, Kersti Börjars

By Robert Borsley, Kersti Börjars

This authoritative advent explores the 4 major non-transformational syntactic frameworks: Head-driven word constitution Grammar, Lexical-Functional Grammar, Categorial Grammar, and easier Syntax. It additionally considers a variety of concerns that come up in reference to those methods, together with questions about processing and acquisition.

  • An authoritative advent to the most choices to transformational grammar
  • Includes introductions to 3 customary non-transformational syntactic frameworks: Head-driven word constitution Grammar, Lexical-Functional Grammar, and Categorial Grammar, besides the lately built less complicated Syntax
  • Brings jointly linguists who've constructed and formed those theories to demonstrate the significant homes of those frameworks and the way they deal with a number of the major phenomena of syntax
  • Discusses more than a few concerns that come up in reference to non-transformational ways, together with processing and acquisition

Content:
Chapter 1 straightforward rules of Head?Driven word constitution Grammar (pages 9–53): Georgia M. Green
Chapter 2 complex issues in Head?Driven word constitution Grammar (pages 54–111): Andreas Kathol, Adam Przepiorkowski and Jesse Tseng
Chapter three Lexical?Functional Grammar: Interactions among Morphology and Syntax (pages 112–140): Rachel Nordlinger and Joan Bresnan
Chapter four Lexical?Functional Grammar: sensible constitution (pages 141–180): Helge Lodrup
Chapter five Combinatory Categorial Grammar (pages 181–224): Mark Steedman and Jason Baldridge
Chapter 6 Multi?Modal Type?Logical Grammar (pages 225–267): Richard T. Oehrle
Chapter 7 replacement Minimalist Visions of Language (pages 268–296): Ray Jackendoff
Chapter eight Feature?Based Grammar (pages 297–324): James P. Blevins
Chapter nine Lexicalism, Periphrasis, and Implicative Morphology (pages 325–358): Farrell Ackerman, Gregory T. Stump and Gert Webelhuth
Chapter 10 Performance?Compatible Competence Grammar (pages 359–377): Ivan A. Sag and Thomas Wasow
Chapter eleven Modeling Grammar progress: common Grammar with out Innate rules or Parameters (pages 378–403): Georgia M. Green
Chapter 12 Language Acquisition with Feature?Based Grammars (pages 404–442): Aline Villavicencio

Show description

Read or Download Non-Transformational Syntax: Formal and Explicit Models of Grammar PDF

Similar grammar books

Structuring Sense: Volume II: The Normal Course of Events

Structuring experience explores the adaptation among phrases in spite of the fact that outlined and constructions in spite of the fact that developed. It units out to illustrate over 3 volumes, of which this is often the 1st, that the reason of linguistic competence will be shifted from lexical access to syntactic constitution, from reminiscence of phrases to manipulation of principles.

Modes of Occurrence: Verbs, Adverbs and Events

Ranging from the placement recursive concept of fact is crucial to a concept of that means, this ebook investigates the issues adverbs pose for systematic semantics. Barry Taylor argues that the hitherto promising "predicate modifier" technique fails to house the extra refined difficulties of adverbial constitution and that Donald Davidson's replacement - to construe adverbs as adjectives on occasions - can in simple terms paintings inside of a metaphysical conception of the character of occasions.

Determinants of Grammatical Variation in English

The criteria investigated within the quantity contain the next: phonological affects (such because the precept of rhythmic alternation and optimum syllable structure), frequency, pervasive semantic and pragmatic points (including iconicity, markedness, grammaticalization and typological tendencies), details constitution, processing complexity and horror aequi (the avoidance of id effects).

Extra info for Non-Transformational Syntax: Formal and Explicit Models of Grammar

Example text

In addition, some sort of Sentential Subject Condition seems to be required to exclude gaps in clausal subjects. In fact, it is not just clausal subjects that prohibit gaps in subject position: all subject phrases headed by verbs or complementizers (verbals in Sag 1997) display the same property, and the same property holds for gerundive NPs: (70) a. b. c. d. *Lou, to argue with ___ makes me sick. *Lou, that Terry argued with ___ irritated everyone. *Who do you think arguing with ___ would infuriate Terry?

In the representation of Kim is a pediatrician in (17c), that something is required to be whatever satisfies the predication in (17a) that something bears the name Kim. The content value in (17c) illustrates conformity to the principles of Semantic Compositionality and Semantic Inheritance: ● ● Semantic Compositionality: A phrase’s RESTR value is the union of the RESTR values of the daughters. Semantic Inheritance: A headed-phrase’s mode and index values are structure shared with those of the head daughter.

B. Grilled or baked is likely to be how they prefer their fish. c. Very carefully tends to be the best way to approach a 600-pound gorilla. Semantic roles are assigned only to situational and individual indexes. Consequently, roles are never assigned to expletives, and role-assigned arguments are never expletives, but some predicates subcategorize for expletive subjects that they assign no role to, for example: ● ● ● “weather” expressions (it): rain, late, Tuesday … ; existential verbs (there): be, arise, occur … ; extraposition verbs and adjectives (it): seem, bother, obvious … .

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.29 of 5 – based on 23 votes